The Correlation between Caries and Quality of Life of Mentally Disabled Learners

Ristya Widi Endah Yani, Yunita Satya Pratiwi, Hadi Prayitno, Muhammad Anshari, Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho


Introduction.  Mentally disabled learners have dental problems 30% more complex than the ordinary toddler. It is because they have intellectual function disorder and adaptive behavior. This condition caused limitations in cleaning teeth optimally. So it will increase the risk of caries. This study objective is to find the correlation between the quality of life and dental caries at mentally disabled learners. Method. An analytical observational study with a cross-sectional approach to 118 learners in Sidoarjo, Indonesia, by total sampling. The variables in this study were quality of life (was measured with WHOQL-BREF index) and dental caries (was measured with DMF-T index). Tools and materials used are dental kids, alcohol 70%, cotton pellet, cotton roll, tampon, and WHOQL-BREF sheet. The data were presented descriptively in the form of a frequency distribution table, continued by Spearman Correlation test to analyze the correlation between the quality of life and dental caries at mentally disabled learners. Results. Most of the respondents are male (61%), with a range of age is 16-20 years old. The average quality of life for mentally disabled learners is the moderate category ( 65%). The average dental caries is considered as high. Spearman correlation shows p≤α(0,05) means there is a correlation between dental caries and quality of life. Conclusion. There is a correlation between dental caries and the quality of life for mentally disabled learners.

Full Text:



ADA., 2005. How to Brush. American Dental Association. 2005.

Akhter, R., Hassan, N.M.M., Martin, E.F., Muhit, M., Smithers-sheedy, H., Badawi, N., & Khandaker, G., 2019. Caries Experience and Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of Children and Adolescents with Cerebral Palsy in a Low-resource Setting. BMC Oral Health, 19(1), pp.2–7.

Azzahra, N.N., Wasilah, S., & Aspriyanto, D., 2014. Indeks Kebersihan Rongga Mulut pada Anak Retardasi Mental. Kedokteran Gigi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat Banjarmasin, II(1), pp.79–82.

Cancio, V., Faker, K., Bendo, C.B., Paiva, S.M., & Tostes, M.A., 2018. Individuals with Special Needs and Their Families’ Oral Health-related Quality of Life. Brazilian Oral Research, 32, pp e39.

CB, N., Srivastava, B.K., & Eshwar, S., 2018. Comparison of Quality of Life among Dental Caries and Periodontal Patients using EuroQoL-5D in KLE Society’s Institute of Dental Science, Bangalore: A Cross-sectional Study. International Journal of Applied Dental Sciences, 4(2), pp.4–8.

Chauhan, D.A., Jain, D.C., Trivedi, D.A., Swarnkar, D.S.K., India., G.M.P., & Trivedi, D.S., 2020. Oral Health Status And Treatment Need Among Mentally Disabled Individuals In Indore City, Central India. International Journal of Scientific Research, 1, pp.31–34.

Dheepthasri, S., Taranath, M., Garla, B.K., Karuppaiah, M., Umesh., & Sangeeta., 2018. Oral Health Status and Treatment Needs among Intellectually Disabled in Madurai. Journal of Advanced Oral Research, 9, pp.45–48.

Díaz-Garrido, N., Lozano, C., & Giacaman, R.A., 2016. Frequency of Sucrose Exposure on the Cariogenicity of a Biofilm-caries Model. European Journal of Dentistry, 10(3), pp.345–350.

Djordjević, V., Jovanović, M., MiliÄić, B., Stefanović, V., & Djukić Dejanović, S., 2016. Prevalencija Karijesa Kod Bolesnika Hospitalizovanih Zbog Shizofrenije. Vojnosanitetski Pregled, 73(12), pp.1102–1108.

Faker, K., Tostes, M.A., & de Paula, V.A.C., 2018. Impact of Untreated Dental Caries on Oral Health-related Quality of Life of Children with Special Health Care Needs. Brazilian Oral Research, 32, pp.1–9.

Istiqomah, F., Susanto, H., Udiyono, A., & Adi, M., 2016. Gambaran Karies Gigi Pada Anak Tunagrahita di SLB C Kota Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal), 4(4), pp.359–362.

Jawed, R., Khan, Z., Kibria, Z., & Ahmad, F., 2020. Dental Caries and Its Determinants Among Children With Special Health Care Needs in District Karachi, Pakistan. Khyber Medical University Journal, 12(1), pp.19–24.

Jokić, N.I., Majstorović, M., BakarÄić, D., Katalinić, A., & Szirovicza, L., 2007. Dental Caries in Disabled Children. Collegium Antropologicum, 31(1), pp.321–324.

Lee, J.Y., Lim, K.C., Kim, S.Y., Paik, H.R., Kim, Y.J., & Jin, B.H., 2019. Oral Health Status of the Disabled Compared with that of the Non-disabled in Korea: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis. PLoS One, 14(1), pp.1–12.

M, Doukerce., 2020. Mental Retardation in Children and Teenagers in the Psychiatric Department of Conakry. International Journal of Contemporary Research and Review, 11(05), pp.20777–20780.

Martins, M.T., Sardenberg, F., Bendo, C.B., Abreu, M.H., Vale, M.P., Paiva, S.M., & Pordeus, I.A., 2017. Dental Caries Remains as the Main Oral Condition with the Greatest Impact on Children’s Quality of Life. PLoS One, 12(10).

Moreira, R.N., Alcântara, C.E.P., Mota-Veloso, I., Marinho, S.A., Ramos-Jorge, M.L., & Oliveira-Ferreira, F., 2012. Does Intellectual Disability Affect the Development of Dental Caries in Patients with Cerebral Palsy? Research in Developmental Disabilities, 33(5), pp.1503–1507.

Moreno-Quispe, L.A., Espinoza-Espinoza, L.A., Bedon-Pajuelo, L.S., & Guzmán-Avalos, M., 2018. Dental Caries in the Peruvian Police Population. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 10(2), pp.e134–e138.

Pathway, T.S., Baoshi, L.I., Ningjun, X.I.A., Chaolin, Z.H.U., Hospital, N.G., Command, N.M., & Medicine, C., 2015. æŽå®çŸ³ 1, å¤å®ä¿Š 2, 朱超林 3, 11(4), pp.188–191.

Permatasari, D., Susanto, H., Udiyono, A., & Saraswati, L., 2016. Gambaran Beberapa Faktor Kejadian Karies Gigi Pada Siswa Tunagrahita di SLB C, Kota Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal), 4(4), pp.350–358.

Peter, T., Cherian, D., & Peter, T., 2017. Assessment of Oral Health Parameters among Students Attending Special Schools of Mangalore City. Dental Research Journal, 14(4), pp.260–266.

Sanchis-Juan, A., Bitsara, C., Low, K.Y., Carss, K.J., French, C.E., Spasic-Boskovic, O., Jarvis, J., Field, M., Raymond, F.L., & Grozeva, D., 2019. Rare Genetic Variation in 135 Families with Family History Suggestive of X-linked Intellectual Disability. Frontiers in Genetics, 10(Jun).

Stefanovska, E., Nakova, M., Radojkova-Nikolovska, V., & Ristoska, S., 2010. Tooth-brushing Intervention Programme among Children with Mental Handicap. Bratislava Medical Journal, 111(5), pp.299–302.

Trentin, M.S., Costa, A.A.I., Barancelli, M., Marceliano-Alves, M.F.V., Miyagaki, D.C., & Carli, J.P. De., 2017. Prevalence of Dental Caries in Patients with Intellectual Disabilities from the Association of Exceptional Children’s Parents and Friends



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.