Development of School Reproductive Health Education Index Model (Indeks Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Sekolah / IPKPRS)

Dewi Sari Rochmayani, Irwan Budiono

Abstract

One of the important health issues to be on the agenda of health promotion in schools is reproductive health. The results of the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in 2018 showed that nationally as many as 65.2% of the population had less knowledge about HIV/AIDS. This indicates that Indonesia is faced with the problem of low reproductive health literacy of school residents. The R&D design is used to develop the School Reproductive Health Education Index (IPKRS) instrument. R&D is carried out in 3 stages, namely: 1) determination of IPKRS dimensions and parameters by the focus group discussion (FGD) method; 2) Preparation, consultation and revision of the IPKRS model through experts judgment by the Delphy method; 3) Testing the validity of IPKRS by experts. The results shows that there are 4 dimensions of IPKRS, namely 1) the knowledge of school residents; 2) curriculum; 3) infrastructure; 4) institutional. The four dimensions are described in 13 IPKRS parameters. The validity test results shows all IPKRS parameters proved to be valid (Aiken’s coefficient V value for each item ≥ 0.92). The findings of the IPKRS model need to be followed up by implementing in schools within the framework of mapping the quality of school reproductive health education.

Keywords

Indeks, Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi, Sekolah

Full Text:

PDF

References

Achora, S., Thupayagale-Tshweneagae, G., Akpor, O.A., & Mashalla, Y.J.S., 2018. Perceptions of Adolescents and Teachers on School-based Sexuality Education in Rural Primary Schools in Uganda. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 17(April 2017), pp.12–18.

Alavi-Arjas, F., Farnam, F., Granmayeh, M., & Haghani, H., 2018. The Effect of Sexual and Reproductive Health Education on Knowledge and Self-Efficacy of School Counselors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 63(5), pp.615–620.

Budiono, I., 2013. Pengembangan Model Indeks Pembangunan Gizi. KESMAS - Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 8(2), pp.166–175.

Canan, S.N., & Jozkowski, K.N., 2017. Sexual Health Education Topics in Schools: Inclusion and Timing Preferences of a Sample of Southern U.S. College Students. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 14(2), pp.143–156.

de Castro, F., Rojas-Martínez, R., Villalobos-Hernández, A., Allen-Leigh, B., Breverman-Bronstein, A., Billings, D. L., & Uribe-Zúñiga, P., 2018. Sexual and Reproductive Health Outcomes are Positively Associated with Comprehensive Sexual Education Exposure in Mexican High-school Students. PLoS ONE, 13(3), pp.1–15.

Denno, D.M., Hoopes, A.J., & Chandra-Mouli, V., 2015. Effective Strategies to Provide Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Services and to Increase Demand and Community Support. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(1), pp.22–41.

Dongre, A.R., Deshmukh, P.R., & Garg, B.S., 2011. Health-promoting School Initiative in Ashram Schools of Wardha District. National Medical Journal of India, 24(3), pp.140–143.

Kemenkes., 2019. Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018. Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Lee, A., St Leger, L., Cheng, F.F.K., Ho, M., Keung, V., Leung, T., Li, N., Lo, A., Suen, C., Wong, K.K., & Yuen, H., 2007. The Status of Health-promoting Schools in Hong Kong and Implications for Further Development. Health Promotion International, 22(4), pp.316–326.

Magzamen, S., Mayer, A., Barr, S., Dunber, B., & Bohren, L., 2017. On Green Schools : Infrastructure , Social Environment , Occupant Health. Journal of School Health, 87(5), pp.376–387.

Rada, C., 2014. Sexual Behaviour and Sexual and Reproductive Health Education: A Cross-sectional Study in Romania. Reproductive Health, 11(1), pp.1–16.

Rochmayani, D.S., & Zulaekha, C., 2019. Journal of Health Education. Journal of Health Education, 4(1), pp.43–52.

Sani, A.S., Abraham, C., Denford, S., & Ball, S., 2016. School-based Sexual Health Education Interventions to Prevent STI/HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. BMC Public Health, 16(1), pp.1–26.

Shahhosseini, Z., & Abedian, K., 2015. Health Care Providers and Adolescents’ Perspectives Towards Adolescents’ Health Education Needs: A Need Assessment Based on Comparative Approach. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 27(1), pp.73–77.

Tebb, K.P., Trieu, S.L., Rico, R., Renteria, R., Rodriguez, F., & Puffer, M., 2019. A Mobile Health Contraception Decision Support Intervention for Latina Adolescents: Implementation Evaluation for Use in School-based Health Centers. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 7(3), pp.1–10.

Tushabomwe, A., & Nashon, S.M., 2016. Interpreting Teachers’ Perceptions of Contextual Influences on Sexuality Discourses Within the School Curriculum: Lessons From Sex Health Education Teachers in Kampala, Uganda. Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, 16(4), pp.331–344.

Vongxay, V., Albers, F., Thongmixay, S., Thongsombath, M., Broerse, J.E.W., Sychareun, V., & Essink, D.R., 2019. Sexual and Reproductive Health Literacy of School Adolescents in Lao PDR. PLoS ONE, 14(1), pp.1–14.

World Health Organization., 2006. Reproductive Health Indicators Reproductive Health and Research Guidelines for their generation, interpretation and analysis for global monitoring. In Reproductive Health and Research. WHO Press.

World Health Organization., 2018. Global Standards for Health Promoting Schools.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.