INTENSITAS JALAN KAKI TERHADAP PENURUNAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH

Lukman Fauzi

Abstract

Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana perbedaan jalan kaki dengan intensitas sedang dan intensitas tinggi terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah pada pasien DM. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan jalan kaki dengan intensitas sedang dan intensitas tinggi terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah pada pasien DM. Metode penelitian adalah eksperimen semu. Sampel penelitian adalah anggota paguyuban DM Ngudi Waluyo, Kabupaten Purbalingga sebanyak 36 orang. Jalan kaki dengan intensitas sedang dengan kecepatan 4 km/h atau 2,5 mph dan dicapai Denyut Nadi Target (DNT) sebesar 75% x (200-umur). Jalan kaki dengan intensitas tinggi dengan kecepatan 5 km/h atau 3,2 mph dan dicapai Denyut Nadi Target (DNT) sebesar 200umur10. Instrumen penelitian adalah treadmill, lembar penjaringan sampel, buku panduan dan monitoring, dan fotometer. Analisis data menggunakan uji t-berpasangan dan repeated Anova (?=0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan antara jalan kaki dengan intensitas sedang (p=0,001) dan tinggi (p=0,001) terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah pada pasien DM ringan (kadar glukosa darah sewaktu <250 mg/dl). Simpulan penelitian adalah ada perbedaan antara jalan kaki dengan intensitas sedang dan tinggi terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah pada pasien DM ringan.

Research problem was how different moderate intensity and high intensity walking to decrease blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. Research purpose was to determine differences in moderate-intensity and high intensity walking to decrease blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. Research method was a quasi-experiment. Research sample were members of the DM community Ngudi Waluyo, Purbalingga many as 36 people. Moderate intensity walking at 4 km/h speed or 2.5mph and achieved target pulse Denyut Nadi Target (DNT) by 75%x(200-age). High intensity walking at 5km/h speed or 3.2mph achieved target pulse Danyut Nadi Target (DNT) by 200-age-10. The research instruments were a treadmill, netting samples sheet, guide and monitoring books, and a photometer. Data analysis using a paired t- test and repeated ANOVA (?=0.05). The result showed there was difference between moderate intensity (p=0.001) and high intensity walking (p=0.001) to decrease blood glucose levels in mild diabetes patients (blood glucose levels as <250 mg/dl). Conclusion, there was difference between moderate and high intensity patients to decrease blood glucose levels in mild diabetes mellitus patients.

Keywords

Walking; Intensity; Blood glucose level

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References

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