PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN MOTIVASI TERHADAP KEAKTIFAN KADER DALAM PENGENDALIAN TUBERKULOSIS

I Made Kusuma Wijaya

Abstract

Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, dan motivasi kader kesehatan dalam pengendalian kasus tuberkulosis. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, dan motivasi kader kesehatan dalam pengendalian kasus tuberkulosis di Kabupaten Buleleng. Metode penelitian menggunakan desain studi analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Randomisasi dilakukan untuk mendapatkan sampel penelitian. Instrumen menggunakan kuesioner dan analisis menggunakan multivariat dengan regresi logistik ganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara variabel pengetahuan dengan keaktifan kader (p=0,012; OR=18.44), antara sikap dengan keaktifan kader (p=0,011; OR=8.08), dan antara motivasi dengan keaktifan kader (p=0,018; OR=15.01). Kader kesehatan dengan pengetahuan tinggi memiliki kemungkinan untuk aktif 18 kali lebih besar daripada pengetahuan rendah. Kader kesehatan dengan sikap baik memiliki kemungkinan untuk aktif 8 kali lebih besar daripada sikap kurang. Kader kesehatan dengan motivasi tinggi memiliki kemungkinan untuk aktif 15 kali lebih besar daripada motivasi rendah. Simpulan penelitian terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan, sikap, dan motivasi dengan keaktifan kader kesehatan dalam pengendalian kasus tuberkulosis.

Research problem was how the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and motivation of health cadres in tuberculosis control. Research purpose was to analyze the relationship between knowledge, attitudes, and motivation of health cadres in tuberculosis control in Buleleng regency. The research method used analytic observational study by cross - sectional approach. Samples obtained by randomization. Instruments used questionnaires and multivariate analyzes used multiple logistic regression. The results showed there were association between knowledge and cadre activity (p=0.012 ; OR =18.44), between the attitude and cadres activity (p=0.011; OR=8.08), between motivation and cadre activity (p=0.018; OR=15.01) . Health cadres with high knowledge tended to be 18 times more active than the low knowledge. Health cadres with a good attitude tended to be 8 times more active than the fewer attitudes. Likewise, health cadres with high motivation were 15 times more active than the low motivation. Conclusion, knowledge, attitudes, and motivations related with activeness of health cadres in tuberculosis control.

Keywords

Knowledge; Attitude; Motivation; Health Cadre.

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