MANFAAT SENAM HAMIL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN DURASI TIDUR IBU HAMIL

Wahyuni -, Layinatun Ni'mah

Abstract

Gangguan tidur banyak dialami oleh wanita pada kehamilan trimester ketiga, seperti nyeri punggung bawah. Pada masa ini wanita hamil mengalami kecemasan yang berakibat munculnya depresi dan kesulitan tidur. Kesulitan tidur pada wanita hamil bisa berupa penurunan durasi tidur. Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana senam hamil dapat meningkatkan durasi tidur ibu hamil. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui manfaat senam hamil dalam meningkatkan durasi tidur ibu hamil pada trimester ketiga. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode pre eksperiment dengan pendekatan quasi eksperiment dan desain penelitian pre and post test without control design. Jumlah sampel pada penelitian ini adalah dari 9 responden. Tempat penelitian dilaksanakan di Rumah Sakit Umum PKU Muhammadiyah Surakarta selama 4 minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa senam hamil berpengaruh dalam peningkatan durasi tidur ibu hamil pada trimester ketiga, ditunjukkan dengan nilai p = 0,004 (p<0,005). Hal ini disebabkan karena senam hamil akan memberikan efek relaksasi pada ibu hamil yang bisa berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan durasi tidur bagi ibu hamil. Simpulan penelitian adalah senam hamil bermanfaat dalam peningkatan durasi tidur ibu hamil pada trimester ketiga.

Sleep disturbances experienced by women in the third trimester of pregnancy, such as lower back pain. At this time pregnant women experience anxiety, so they have depression and difficult to sleep. Difficult to sleep in pregnant women can decrease sleep duration. Research problem was how pregnancy exercise can improve maternal sleep duration. Research purpose was to determine the benefits of pregnancy exercise to improve sleep duration in third trimester pregnant women. This study used pre experiments with quasi experiment by pre and post test design without control. The number of samples was 9 respondents. Research was conducted in the General Hospital PKU Muhammadiyah Surakarta for 4 weeks. The results showed that pregnancy exercise influence in increasing sleep duration third trimester pregnant women, p=0.004 (p<0.005). Pregnancy exercise will provide a relaxing effect on pregnant women so could affect to increase sleep duration of pregnant women. Conclusion, pregnancy exercise was beneficial in increasing sleep duration in third trimester pregnant women.

Keywords

Exercise; Pregnant Women; Sleeping Duration

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