KETERSEDIAAN SARANA SANITASI DASAR, PERSONAL HYGIENE IBU DAN KEJADIAN DIARE

Lailatul Mafazah

Abstract

Diare merupakan penyakit menular yang penting karena merupakan penyumbang utama ketiga angka kesakitan dan kematian anak di berbagai negara termasuk Indonesia.Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ketersediaan sarana sanitasi dasar lingkungan dan personal hygiene ibu dengan kejadian diare pada balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Purwoharjo Kabupaten Pemalang tahun 2012. Jenis penelitian ini yaitu explanatory research dengan metode survey dan rancangan penelitian cross sectional dengan jumlah populasi seluruh balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Purwoharjo pada tahun 2012 yaitu sebanyak 3.789 balita. Sampel berjumlah 95 balita. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah check list dan kuesioner. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat dan bivariat (menggunakan uji chi square dengan ?=0,05). Hasil dari penelitian ini, variabel yang berhubungan dengan kejadian diare pada balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Purwoharjo Kabupaten Pemalang adalah ketersediaan sarana air bersih (p=0,001), ketersediaan sarana pembuangan tinja (p=0,002), ketersediaan sarana tempat pembuangan sampah (p=0,001), ketersediaan sarana pembuangan air limbah (p=0,001) dan personal hygiene ibu (p=0,001).

Diarrhoea is an important infectious disease because there are assist third main of mortility and morbidity of children in almost country belong Indonesia. Annualy, diarrhoea disease attack 59 million Indonesian people and 2/3 of them are children under five years old throught 600.000 people was offers. The aim of the study was to find correlations between mothers knowledge grade and availability of environmental sanitation with diarrhoea cases on children at Puskesmas Purwoharjo District of Pemalang in 2012. This study was explanatory research, which used survey method and cross sectional study. The population is all of children at Puskesmas Purwoharjo areas in 2012 there are 3.789. The sample are 95 of children under 5 years old. The instrument of the study were using check list and questionnaire. Data were analyzed univariate and bivariate (using chi square test with ?=0,05). The conclusion of this study were there variables were correlated with diarrhoea cases of children including source of clean water (p=0,001), medium of faeces dismissal (p=0,002), rubbish treatment (p=0,001), waste water disposal (p=0,001), the mothers hygiene grade (p=0,001).

Keywords

Sanitation; Mother Personal Hygiene; Diarrhoea; Children under five years

Full Text:

PDF

References

Chang, Ju Young. 2008. Decreased Diversity of the Fecal Microbiome in Recurrent Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea. J Infect Dis., 197(3): 435-438

DKK Pemalang, 2013, Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Pemalang Tahun 2012, Pemalang: PemKab Pemalang Dinas Kesehatan Tahun 2013.

Dinkes Prop Jateng, 2013, Profil Kesehatan Propinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2012, Semarang: Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi Jawa Tengah.

Juli Soemirat Slamet, 2002, Kesehatan Lingkungan, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Shah, Nipam. 2009. Global Etiology of Travelers Diarrhea: Systematic Review from 1973 to the Present. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 80(4): 609-614

Solares. 2011. Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination on Diarrhea-related Hospitalizations Among Children <5 Years of Age in Mexico. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 30(1): S11-S15

Stefano, Guandalini. 2011. Probiotics for Prevention and Treatment of Diarrhea. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 45(2): S149S153

Tattik, K., Eram, T.P. 2011. Kualitas Bakteriologis Air Sumuk Gali. Jurnal Kemas, 7(1):63-72

Wiku Adisasmito, 2007, Faktor Resiko Diare Pada Bayi dan Balita di Indonesia: Systematic Review Penelitian Akademik Bidang Kesehatan Masyarakat, Makara Kesehatan, 11(1):1-10

Madhi, Shabir A. 2010. Effect of Human Rotavirus Vaccine on Severe Diarrhea in African Infants. N Engl J Med, 362: 289-298

Nelly, Zavaleta. 2007. Efficacy of Rice-based Oral Rehydration Solution Containing Recombinant Human Lactoferrin and Lysozyme in Peruvian Children With Acute Diarrhea. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition, 44(2): 258264

Nazek, Al-Gallas. 2007. Etiology of Acute Diarrhea in Children and Adults in Tunis, Tunisia, with Emphasis on Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli: Prevalence, Phenotyping, and Molecular Epidemiology. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 77(3): 571-582

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.