PERBEDAAN GANGGUAN MUSKULOSKELETAL PEMBATIK WANITA DENGAN DINGKLIK DAN KURSI KERJA ERGONOMIS

Sumardiyono Sumardiyono, Yeremia Rante Ada

Abstract

Posisi kerja pekerja batik tulis saat ini sebagian besar menggunakan dingklik sehingga posisi kerja menjadi membungkuk yang berisiko mengalami gangguan muskuloskeletal. Secara ergonomis, posisi kerja tersebut harus dirubah sehingga posisi kerja menjadi lebih alami. Masalah penelitian adalah bagaimana perbedaan gangguan muskuloskeletal pada pekerja yang menggunakan dingklik dan kursi ergonomis. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui perbedaan gangguan muskuloskeletal pada pekerja yang menggunakan dingklik dan kursi ergonomis. Metode penelitian eksperimental quasi dengan pendekatan one group pre and posttest design. Populasi penelitian seluruh pekerja industri Batik Sragen. Sampel sebanyak 50 orang menggunakan quota random sampling. Tingkat gangguan muskuloskeletal diukur menggunakan kuesioner Nordic body map. Analisis statistik menggunakan test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan keluhan muskuloskeletal sebelum dan sesudah menggunakan kursi ergonomis (p=0,035). Simpulan penelitian, kursi kerja ergonomis menurunkan risiko keparahan gangguan muskuloskeletal.


Now, batik workers working position mostly use dingklik so work position becomes bent, and it is risk of musculoskeletal disorders. Ergonomically, that working position should be changed becomes more natural position. Research problem was how musculoskeletal disorders differences in workers who use dingklik and ergonomic chairs. Research purpose was to determine musculoskeletal disorders differences in workers who use dingklik and ergonomic chairs. Quasi- experimental research method by one group pre and posttest design. Population study were Sragen Batik industry workers. Sample of 50 people using by quota random sampling. The rate of musculoskeletal disorders were measured by questionnaire Nordic body map. Statistical analysis using the test. The result showed there were differences in musculoskeletal complaints before and after using ergonomic chairs (p=0.035). The conclusion, ergonomic chair can reduce risk of musculoskeletal disorders.

Keywords

Ergonomic; Musculoskeletal; Risk

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