MEDIA LEAFLET, VIDEO DAN PENGETAHUAN SISWA SD TENTANG BAHAYA MEROKOK (Studi pada Siswa SDN 78 Sabrang Lor Mojosongo Surakarta)

Ambarwati Ambarwati, Ayu Khoirotul Umaroh, Fifit Kurniawati, Tika Diah Kuswandari, Saroh Darojah

Abstract

Merokok merupakan kegiatan yang sering kita jumpai di masyarakat. Meskipun sebagian besar masyarakat mengetahui bahaya merokok, namun kebiasaan merokok tetap banyak dilakukan di masyarakat. Bahkan telah merambah ke siswa sekolah dasar. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh media leaflet dengan video terhadap pengetahuan siswa SDN 78 Sabrang Lor Mojosongo tentang bahaya merokok. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen, dengan rancangan penelitian pretest and posttest without control group design. Sampel sebanyak 96 siswa kelas V dan VI SD Sabrang Lor Mojosongo yang ditentukan dengan tehnik total sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai pre test pengetahuan siswa SD pada kelompok leaflet sebagian besar, yaitu 30 orang (62,5%) dalam kategori baik dan pada kelompok video sebagian besar, yaitu 33 siswa (68,8%) dalam kategori cukup. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan ada pengaruh penggunaan media leaflet (p= 0,000? ?=0,05) namun tidak ada pengaruh penggunaan media video (p= 0,328> ?=0,05) terhadap pengetahuan siswa SDN 78 Sabrang Lor Mojosongo tentang bahaya merokok. Sehingga dapat dikatakan media leaflet lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan siswa SD tentang bahaya merokok dibandingkan video.

Smoking is an activity that often be done by society. Although almost human know the negative effect of cigarette, but they still have cigarette smoking habit. In fact, the habit have cut down to students in elementary school. The aim of the research was to know the influence of health education with leaflet and film toward elementary school Sabrang Lor students knowledge about the negative effect of smoking. The study was experimental with pretest and posttest without control group design. Sample were 96 Sabrang Lor elementary school students that was given by total sampling technique. The result of the study showed, before intervention in leaflet group, the score of students knowledge majority was in good category= 30 students (62,5%) and in film group majority in enough category= 33 students (68,8%). After intervention, the score increased, in leaflet group there were 8 Students to be good category and in film group there were 3 students to be enough category. The conclu-sion of the research was : leaflet is more effective to increase the knowledge of Sabrang Lor elementary school students about the dangerous of smoking than film media.

Keywords

Leaflet;Video;Knowledge; Elementary School Students; Dangerous of Smoking

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