SUMBER INFORMASI DAN PENGETAHUAN TENTANG MENSTRUAL HYGIENE PADA REMAJA PUTRI

Erni Gustina, Sitti Nur Djannah

Abstract

Menstruasi merupakan indikator kematangan seksual pada remaja putri. Menstruasi dihubungkan dengan beberapa kesalahpahaman praktek kebersihan diri selama menstruasi yang dapat merugikan kesehatan bagi remaja. Kesadaran tentang perlunya informasi tentang praktik menstruasi yang sehat sangat penting. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara sumber informasi dan pengetahuan tentang menstrual hygiene pada remaja putri. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional yang dilakukan tahun 2014. Penelitian dilakukan di SMP Muhammadiyah 9 Kota Yogyakarta. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswi kelas VIII SMP Muhammadiyah 9 Kota Yogyakarta. Teknik sampling yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah total sampling yaitu 79 orang. Analisis data meliputi univariat dan bivariat dengan menggunakan chi square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 93,7% tidak mengetahui penyebab terjadinya menstruasi, 51,9 % mengatakan bahwa darah menstruasi berasal dari perut, 48,1% mengatakan bahwa lama menstruasi sekitar 3-7 hari, 58,2% tidak mengetahui siklus normal menstruasi. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan hubungan yang signifikan antara sumber informasi dengan pengetahuan dengan nilai p<0,05. Simpulan penelitian, ada hubungan antara sumber informasi dengan pengetahuan tentang menstrual hygiene pada remaja.

Menstruation is an indicator of sexual maturity in young girls. Menstruation is associated with several misconceptions practice personal hygiene during menstruation which can be detrimental to the health of adolescents. Awareness of the need for information about the practice of healthy menstruation is very important. The purpose of this study was to determine source information and knowledge about menstrual hygiene among young girl. This study was an observational analytic cross sectional design in 2014. The study was conducted in Muhammadiyah 9th Junior High School Yogyakarta. The study population was the entire eighth grade students at Muhammadiyah 9th Junior High School Yogyakarta City. The sampling technique used in this study is the total sampling is 79 people. Data analysis included univariate and bivariate using chi square. The results showed 93.7% do not know the cause of menstruation, 51.9% said that the menstrual blood from the stomach, 48.1% said that long menstrual about 3-7 days, 58.2% do not know the normal menstrual cycle. Bivariate analysis showed a significant relationship between the knowledge resources with p <0.05. The conclusions, there were relationship between sources information and knowledge about menstrual hygiene in adolescents.

Keywords

Source information; Knowledge; Menstrual hygiene; young girl

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adhikari P., et al. 2007. Knowledge and Practice regarding Menstrual Hygiene in Rural Adolescent Girls of Nepal. Katmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ), 5(3): 382-386.

Akanksha, J., et al. 2014. Menstrual Hygiene Awareness Among Rural Unmarried Girls. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 3(6)

Ali, T.S. & Rizvi, S.N. 2010. Menstrual Knowledge And Practices Of Female Adolescents In Urban Karachi, Pakistan. Journal Of Adolescence, 33(4): 53141.

Bobhate PS, Saurabh S. 2011. A Cross Sectional Study of Knowledge and Practices about Reproductive Health among Female Adolescents in An Urban Slum of Mumbai. Journal of Family and Reproductive Health, 5(4):119-126

Crichton, J., Ibisomi, L. & Gyimah, S.O. 2012. Mother-Daughter Communication About Sexual Maturation, Abstinence And Unintended Pregnancy: Experiences From An Informal Settlement In Nairobi, Kenya. Journal Of Adolescence, 35(1): 2130.

Dasgupta, A. Sarkar. M. 2008. Menstruation Hygiene: How hygienic is The Adolescent girl? Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 33(2)

Dhingra, R., Kumar, A. & Kour, M. 2009. Knowledge And Practices Related To Menstruation Among Tribal ( Gujjar ) Adolescent Girls. Ethno-Med, 3(1), 4348.

Eswi,A., Helal, H., Elarousy, W. 2012. Menstrual Attitude and Knowledge among Egyptian Female Adolescents. Journal of American Science, 8(6)

El-Ganiya, A.H., Badawi, K. & El-fedawy, S. 2005. Menstrual Hygiene among Adolescent Schoolgirls in Mansoura, Egypt. Reproductive Health Matters, 13(26):147152.

Houston AM, et al. 2006. Knowledge, Attitudes, and consequences of menstrual health in urban adolescent females. J Pediatric Adolesc Gynecol, 19: 271-275.

Kamath, R. et al. 2013. Global Journal Of Medicine And Public Health A Study On Knowledge And Practices Regarding Menstrual Hygiene Among Rural And Urban Adolescent Girls In Udupi Taluk, Manipal, India., 19.

Kavitha., V.R.S., M.Phil, M.A. 2012. Reproductive Health and Hygiene among Adolescents. Language in India, 2 (12) : 293-300

Marvn, M.L. & Molina-Abolnik, M. 2012. Mexican Adolescents Experience of Menarche and Attitudes Toward Menstruation: Role of Communication Between Mothers and Daughters. Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology, 25(6):35863.

Mcpherson, M.E. & Korfine, L. 2004. Menstruation Across Time: Menarche, Menstrual Attitudes, Experiences, And Behaviors. Womens Health Issues?: Official Publication Of The Jacobs Institute Of Womens Health, 14(6):193200.

Sharma, N., et al. 2013. A Cross ectional Study Of Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Of Menstrual Hygiene Among Medical Students In North India., The Journal of Phytopharmacology, 2(5): 2837.

Suryati, B. 2012. Perilaku Kebersihan Remaja Saat Menstruasi. Jurnal health Quality, 3(1).

Thakre, S.B., et al. 2011. Menstrual Hygiene?: Knowledge And Practice Among Adolescent School Girls Of Saoner , Nagpur District.10271033.

Wijaya, I.M.K., et al. 2014. Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Aktivitas Remaja SMA Dalam Kesehatan Reproduksi Di Kecamatan Buleleng. Jurnal Kemas, 10(1):33-42

Yusuf, S. 2012. Psikologi Perkembangan Anak dan Remaja. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.