KEEFEKTIFAN PROGRAM KELOMPOK PENDUKUNG IBU DALAM MENGUBAH PERILAKU IBU MENYUSUI

Burhannudin Ichsan, Harsono Salimo, H.A.A. Soebijanto

Abstract


Pemerintah Surakarta menyelenggarakan program kelompok pendukung ibu untuk meningkatkan cakupan ASI eksklusif. Penelitian cross sectional ini bertujuan menganalisis perbedaan pengetahuan, sikap, dan tindakan ASI eksklusif antara ibu-ibu yang mengikuti dan tidak mengikuti pada tahun 2014. Populasi penelitian adalah ibu-ibu yang memiliki bayi berusia 6-24 bulan. Besar sampel yaitu 384. Hasil uji Mann-Whitney menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan dan sikap tentang ASI eksklusif pada ibu-ibu yang mengikuti program pendukung ibu lebih tinggi secara bermakna dibanding ibu-ibu yang tidak mengikuti (p=0,04 dan p=0,001). Uji Chi-Square menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan tindakan yang bermakna pada kelompok tersebut (p=0,82). Regresi logistik dilanjutkan tes stratifikasi menunjukkan bahwa dukungan keluarga lain (selain suami) merupakan variabel perancu. Kesimpulannya yaitu ibu-ibu yang mengikuti program pendukung ibu memiliki pengetahuan dan sikap yang lebih tinggi secara bermakna dibanding yang tidak mengikuti.

Surakarta government established mother support group program to increase covering of exclusive breastfeeding. This cross sectional study aimed to analyze the difference of knowledge, attitude, and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers who followed and did not follow in 2014. The population was mothers whose babies aged 6-24 months old. Sample size was 384. The results of the Mann-Whitney test shows that knowledge and attitude about exclusive breastfeeding in mothers who follow mother support group program significantly higher than mothers who did not follow (p=0,04 and p=0,001). The chi-square test shows that there is not significant difference practice in those group (p=0,82). Logistic regression continued with stratification test showed that other family support (besides her husband) is a confounding variable. The conclusion shows that mothers who follow the program have significantly higher knowledge and attitude about exclusive breastfeeding than mothers who did not.


Keywords


Breastfeeding; Mothers; Support Group Program

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/kemas.v10i2.3380

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