PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PENCEGAHAN HIV/AIDS PADA IBU RUMAH TANGGA

Lenny Octavianty, Atikah Rahayu, Dian Rosadi, Fauzie Rahman

Abstract

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) merupakan penyebab penyakit Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) yang merusak kekebalan tubuh manusia. Tahun 2013 di Kalimantan Selatan terdapat 227 kasus HIV dan 134 kasus AIDS dengan kasus tertinggi di Kabupaten Tanah Bumbu yaitu kasus HIV 189 orang dan 30 kasus AIDS. Peningkatan kasus baru diproyeksikan terjadi pada populasi sopir karena termasuk mobile men with money and migrant. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap dengan upaya pencegahan HIV/AIDS pada ibu rumah tangga dengan suami pekerja sopir bus antar kota terhadap upaya pencegahan HIV/AIDS. Penelitian dilakukan pada tahun 2014 dengan rancangan penelitian secara cross sectional. Sampel ibu rumah tangga sebanyak 40 orang secara accidental. Analisis data dengan uji chi-square. Analisis univariat didapatkan hasil tingkat pengetahuan rendah dan tinggi seimbang sebanyak 50%, sikap kategori baik 92.5% dan upaya pencegahan rendah sebanyak 65%. Analisis bivariat didapatkan ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan upaya pencegahan (p=0,000, OR=35,2), dengan upaya pencegahan tidak ada hubungan (p=0,539).

HIV is the cause of AIDS damage the human immune system. In South Kalimantan (2013) was as much as 227 HIV cases and 134 AIDS cases and the highest case in Tanah Bumbu with the number of HIV cases as many as 189 people and 30 cases of AIDS. The increase in new cases of HIV/AIDS is projected to occur in the population of driver because including as a mobile men worker with money and migrants. This research was especially against his wife to understand about the relationship between knowledge and attitudes towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS on the housewife who has husband as inter-city bus driver towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS in Tanah Bumbu in 2014. This study conducted at 2014 and used cross sectional design with a sample of housewives as many as 40 people were taken by accidental means. Analyzed using chi-square test. Univariate analysis showed that who had a husband as a driver has a low and a high level of knowledge in balance with each as much as 50%, good attitude category was 92.5% and prevention was low, as much as 65%, while for the bivariate analysis showed that there was a relationship between knowledge and prevention (p-value = 0.000: OR = 35.2), while for variables with prevention efforts there was no relation (p-value = 0.539).

Keywords

Knowledge; HIV/AIDS; Housewife

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