Risk Factors and Predictive Model of Diarrhea in Kupang

Irfan - Irfan

Abstract

Diarrhea is still endemic in NTT province and in Kupang City. The disease also includes as one of the 10 major diseases in Kupang City. Diarrhea prevention will work more effectively if it is conducted based on the knowledge of risk factors for diarrhea. The study aims at analyzing the risk factors of diarrhea and predictive models of diarrhea incidence in Kupang. The observational analytic research used case control design with case samples consisted of 62 patients with diarrhea in June 2015 taken by random sampling and control samples consisted of 62 children who were not listed as diarrhea patients in June 2015. The data was collected through interviews and observation. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed using logistic regression. Four variables that significant are age of stop getting breast milk (ASI) (OR 5.673), latrine type (OR 4.527), children age (OR 1.460) and number of family members (OR 0.484). The regression model resulted in the study is ? = -0.630 + 1.736 age of stop drinking breast milk + 1.510 latrine type + 0.379 children age - 0.726 number of family members.

Keywords

Diarrhea; breast-milk; latrine type; age; family members

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdullah, A.Z., Arsin, A.A. & Dahlan, L. 2012. Faktor Risiko Diare Shigellosis pada Anak Balita. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional, 7(1): 16-21.

Adisasmito, W. 2007. Faktor Risiko Diare pada Bayi dan Balita di Indonesia: Systematic Review Penelitian Akademik Bidang Kesehatan Masyarakat. MAKARA Kesehatan, 11(1): 1-10.

Agtini, M.D. 2011. Morbiditas dan Mortalitas Diare pada Balita di Indonesia Tahun 2000-2007. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan, 2(2): 25-32.

Anteneh, A., Kurnie, A. 2010. Assesment of Impact of Latrine Utilization on Diarrhoeal Diseases in the Rural Communicty of Hulet Ejju Enessie Woreda, East Gojjam Zone, Ambara Region. Ethiop J Health Dev, 24 (2): 110-118.

Bener, A., Ehlayel, M.S., Abdurahman, H.M. 2011. Exclusive Breast Feeding and Prevention of Diarrheal Diaseass: A Study in Qatar. Rev Bras Saude Matern Infant, 11(1): 83-88.

Danquah, L., wuah, E., Mensah, C.M., Agyemang. 2014. Sanitation and Hygiene Practices in Relation to Childhood Diarrhoea Prevalence: The Case of Household with Children under-five years in Ghana. Science Journal of Public Health, 2(2): 119-125.

Darsana, I.N., Mahayana, I.M.B., Patra, I.M. 2014. Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kepemilikan Jamban Keluarga di Desa Jehem Kecamatan Tembuku Kabupaten Bangli. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 4(2): 124-133.

DKK Kupang. 2014. Profil Kesehatan Kota Kupang 2013. Kupang: Dinkes Kota Kupang.

Diouf, K., Tabatabai, P., Rudolph, J., Marx, M. 2014. Diarrhoea Prevalence in Children Under Five Years of Age in Rural Burundi: an Assesment of Social and Behavioural Factors at The Household Level. Global Health Action, 7: 24895 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/gha.v7.24895

Ehlayel, M.S. 2009. Protective Effect of Breastfeeding on Diarrhea among Children in a Rapidly Growing Newly Developed Society. The Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, 51(6): 527-533.

Evayanti, N.K.E., Purna, I.N., Aryana, I.K. 2014. Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Diare pada Balita yang Berobat ke Badan RUmah Sakit Umum Tabanan. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 4(2): 134-139.

Godana, W., Mengiestie, B. 2013. Determiant of Acute Diarrhoea among Children undr-five Years of Age in Derashe District, Southern Ethiopia. Rural and Remote Health, 13: 2329.

Hannif, Mulyani, N.S. & Kuscithawati, S. 2011. Faktor Risiko Diare Akut pada Balita. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat, 27(1): 10-17.

Horta, B.L. & Victoria, C. 2013a. Short-term Effect of Breastfeeding: A Systematic Review on the Benefits of Breastfeeding on Diarrhoea and Pneumonia Mortality. Geneva: WHO.

Horta, B.L. & Victoria, C. 2013b. Long-term Effect of Breastfeeding: A Systematic Review. Geneva: WHO.

Ichsan, B., Salimo, H. & Soebijanto, H.A.A. 2015. Keefektifan program Kelompok Pendukung Ibu dalam Mengubah Perilaku Ibu Menyusui. Jurnal KEMAS, 10(2): 186-194.

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2014. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia Tahun 2013. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Lamberti, L.M., et al. 2011. Breastfeeding and the Risk for Diarrhoea Morbidity and Mortality. BMC Public Health, 11(3): 15.

Mafazah, L. 2013. Keersediaan Sarana Sanitasi Dasar, Personal Hygiene ibu dan Kejadian Diare. Jurnal KEMAS, 8(2): 176-182.

Molbak, K., Jensen, H., Ingholt, L. & Aaby, P. 1997. Risk Factors for Diarrheal Disease Incidence in Early Childhood: A Community Cohort Study from Guinea-Bissau. American Journal of Epidemiology, 146(3): 273-282.

Oloruntoba, E.O., Folarin, T.B., Ayede, A.I. 2014. Hygiene and Sanitation Risk Factors of Diarrhoeal Disease among under-five Children in Ibadanm Nigeria. African Health Sciences, 14(4): 10-15.

Prameswari, G.N. 2009. Hubungan Lama Pemberian ASI secara Eksklusif dengan Frekuensi Kejadian ISPA. Jurnal KEMAS, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v14i4.32, 5(1): 27-33.

Pusat Data dan Surveilans Kesehatan. 2011. Situasi Diare di Indonesia. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan, 2(2): 1-18.

Putranti, D.C.M.S., Sulistyorini, L. 2013. Hubungan antara Kepemilikan Jamban dengan Kejadian Diare di Desa Karangagung Kecamatan Palang Kabupaten Tuban. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 7(1): 54-63.

Raharjo, B.B. 2014. Profil Ibu dan Peran Bidan dalam Praktik Inisiasi Menyusu Dini dan ASI Eksklusif. Jurnal KEMAS, 10(1): 53-63.

Salim, H., et al. 2014. Risk Factor of Rotavirus Diarrhea in Hospitalized Children in Sanglah Hospital, Denpasar: A Prospective Cohort Study. BMC Gastroenterology, 14: 54-59.

Sara, S., Graham, J. 2014. Ending Open Defecation in Rural Tanzania: Which Factors Facilitate Latrine Adoption?. Int J Environ Res Publich Health, 11: 9854-9870; doi:10.3390/ijerph110909854.

Soenarto, S.S. 2011. Vaksin Rotavirus Untuk Pencegahan Diare. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan, 2(2): 33-38.

Sriningsih, I. 2011. Faktor Demografi, Pengetahuan Ibu tentang Air Susu Ibu dan Pemberian ASI Eksklusif. Jurnal KEMAS, 6(2): 100-106.

Subdit Pengendalian Diare dan Infeksi Saluran Pencernaan. 2011. Pengendalian Diare di Indonesia. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan, 2(2): 19-24.

Suwito, W. 2010. Bakteri yang sering Mencemari Susu: Deteksi, Patogenesis, Epidemiology, dan Cara Pengendaliannya. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 29(3): 96-100.

Wandansari, A.P. 2013. Kualitas Sumber Air Minum dan Pemanfaatan Jamban Keluarga dengan Kejadian Diare. Jurnal KEMAS, 9(1): 24-29.

WSP-EAP. 2009. Informasi Pilihan Jamban Sehat. Jakarta: World Bank Office Jakarta.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.