Soil Transmitted Helminths Infection in Elementary School Students in Highland and Lowland Areas of Gianyar Regency

Ni Made Nuryanti, I Made Subrata

Abstract

Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH) Infection is a worm infection which is transmitted through soil. STH is still a public health problems around the world, including Indonesia. The tropical climates of Indonesia is a suitable environment for viability of STH. The prevalence of STH in Bali since 2003-2007 reached 40.94%-92.4%. The altitude of an area may affect the rate of STH infection. The rate of STH infection is higher on population in highland area compared to lowland area. This study aimed to identify risk factors of STH infection in elementary school students in highland and lowland area in Gianyar Regency. This study used cross sectional analytic design and was conducted in 2016. The total samples of this study were 104 students which were consisted of 53 students in highland area and 51 students in lowland area. The samples were collected using cluster random sampling technique. The specimens were examined using Kato-katz method. The results showed that the prevalence of STH infection in elementary school students in highland area (28.31%) was higher than in lowland area (1.96%). In lowland area, the risk factor could not be clearly identified because there was only one student with a positive STH infection. Meanwhile, the identified dominants risk factors which influence STH infection in highland area were habit of washing hands using soap (AOR=24.99), fingernails cleanliness (AOR= 13.19) and parents income (AOR=18.83).

Keywords

Risk factors; STH; highland; lowland

Full Text:

PDF

References

Aryanti, S., et al. 2015. Infestasi Soil Tranmitted Helminths dan Perilaku Higiene pada Murid Kelas I Sekolah Dasar di Pesisir Sungai Siak Kecamatan Rumbai Kota Pekanbaru. Jurnal Jom FK, 2 (1):1-13.

Bethony, J., et al. 2006. Soil-transmitted Helminth Infections: Ascariasis, Trichuriasis, and Hookworm. Lancet, 367:1521-1532.

Fitri, dkk. 2012. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Risiko Infeksi Kecacingan Murid Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Angkola Timur Kabupaten Tapanuli Selatan Tahun 2012. Jurnal Ilmu lingkungan. 6(2): 146-161.

Junaidi. 2014. Hubungan Personal Hygiene Terhadap Kejadian Kecacingan Pada Murid SD di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tapalang Kabupaten Mamuju. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Diagnosis. 5 (1) : 108-114.

Mirza, Muhammad N. 2014. Hygiene Sanitasi dan Jumlah Coliform Air Minum. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Kemas). 9 (2): 167-173.

Ningsih, Riyan. 2014. Penyuluhan Hygiene Sanitasi Makanan dan Minuman, serta Kualitas Makanan Yang Dijajakan Pedagang di Lingkungan SDN Kota Samarinda. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Kemas). 10 (1) : 64-72.

Solehati, Tetti, et al. 2015. Pengaruh Edukasi Terhadap Pengetahuan dan Skill Guru Serta Personal Hygiene Siswa SD. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (Kemas). 11 (1) : 135-143.

Sutanto, et al. (Eds). 2008. Parasitologi Kedokteran Edisi Keempat. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta: 6-25.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.