Basil leaf (Ocimmum basillum form citratum) Extract Spray in Controling Aedes aegepty

Denai Wahyuni, Beny Yulianto

Abstract

One of the efforts in population control of Aedes aegypti is by fogging, basil leaf is one
of natural insecticide that can be replaced with current chemical one that are commonly
used. Our aim is to measure effectiveness of basil leaf extract on Knockdown time of
Aedes aegypti and effective concentration on spray usage. Twenty mosquitoes with six
different intervention, each 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, positive control, and negative control.
All intervention repeated 4 times in every 5 minutes for about 1 hour. The results will
be statistically analysed using one-way ANOVA. Results: concentration of 5% and 10
% have KT50 with Insecticide Score of 1 and 2 respectively without any Knockdown
concentration; concentration of 25% have KT50 with Insecticide Score of 3 and Weak
Knockdown; concentration of 50% have KT50 with Insecticide Score of 5 and Quick
Knockdown. Kruskall-Wallis test p-value=0,000 (p<0,05) with Spearman correlation of
+0,87 or 87%. The most effective concentration on Knockdown time of Aedes aegypti
is 50%. In conclusion, Basil extract can be effecctifely used as natural and alternative
insecticide for fogging.

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