Effect of Yoga Program on Mental Health: Competitive Anxiety In Semarang Badminton Athletes

Donny Wira Yudha Kusuma, Wang Bin

Abstract

The most obvious factor which really affects the capability of an athlete, especially in Semarang badminton, is psychological factors. One technique supposed to represent all the mental techniques are yoga. A total of 20 athletes (12 men & 8 women) from the badminton club in Semarang participated in this study. Quasi-experimental was used in the study. Two groups were selected according age group and class, and both are candidates of the provincial team. We measured anxiety levels with CSAI-2R and sphygmomanometer. We analyze the data using t-test and index gain. Cognitive anxiety item on the yoga group decreased (x=-2.10; -21.21%), and so did the control group (x=-0.20; -2.19%). Somatic anxiety symptoms were similar to yoga group (x=-3.50; -26.92%), but not for the control group, which increased (x=1.70; 17.71%). Whereas self-confidence has a negative correlation to other variables, the yoga group increased (x=2.00; 12.35%) but the control group decreased (x=-0.30; -1.99%).The last was badminton performance, yoga group increased (x=2.40; 14.67%) and whereas the control group decreased (x=-3.283; -17.23%).

Keywords

Yoga; competitive-anxiety; badminton

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alison Wood Brooks. 2013. Get Excited: Reappraising Pre-Performance Anxiety as Excitement. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 2014, 143 (3): 11441158

Andrew Peden. 2009. Breathing to Manage Anxiety in Tennis. ITF Coaching and Sport Science Review,16 (49): 17 18.

Ashwani Bali. 2015. Psychological Factors Affecting Sport Performance. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health. 1(6): 92-95

Caroline Smith, Heather H, Jane Blake-M, Kerena E. 2006. A Randomised Comparative Trial of Yoga and Relaxation to Reduce Stress and Anxiety. Elsevier Ltd . Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 15: 7783

Cox, R. H. 2007. Sport Psychology: Concepts and Applications. 7th Ed. McGraw-Hill. United States

Fabrizio Coppola, & David Spector. 2009. Natural Stress Relief Meditation As A Tool For Reducing Anxiety And Increasing Self-Actualization. Social Behavior And Personality, 37(3), 307-312

Fletcher, D., Hanton, S., and Mellalieu, S. D. 2009. An Organizational Stress Review: Conceptual and Theoretical Issues in Competitive Sport in S. Hanton and S. D. Mellalieu (Eds.), Literature reviews in sport psychology. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Gaines T., Barry L.M. 2008. The Effect of a Self-Monitored Relaxation Breathing Exercise on Male Adolescent Aggressive Behavior. Adolescence, 43(170), 291-302.

Hanton. S & Mellalieu S.S. 2009. Advances in Applied Sport Psychology: A Review. Routledge. USA

Hala Nabil Yahiya. 2010. Impact of Hatha Yoga Exercise on Some of the Physiological, Psychological Variables and the Level of Performance in Judo. Journal procedia social and behavioral sciences. Elsevier Ltd.5 : 2355-2358.

LaMeaux. 2011. How Does Yoga Help Athletes? Benefits and Suggestions for Incorporating Yoga in Your Active Lifestyle. http://life.gaiam.com/article/how-does-yoga-help-athletes

Sheng-Chia Chung, et al. 2012. Effect of Sahaja Yoga Meditation on Quality of Life, Anxiety, and Blood Pressure Control The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 18, (6) : 589596

Shirley Archer. 2009. Benefits of Yoga Breathing. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1172 : 54-62

Sholihatul Maghfirah, I Ketut Sudiana, Ika Yuni Widyawati. 2015. Relaksasi Otot Progresif Terhadap Stres Psikologis Dan Perilaku Perawatan Diri Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (KEMAS), 10 (2)

Tanti A Kesoema, Shofa. C, Rudy H. 2016. Comparison Between Taichi Chuan and Jacobsons Progressive Muscular Relaxation in Decreasing Cortisol Concentration on Pre-Hypertension Patients. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat 12 (1), 52-59

Vincent Parnabas. 2015. The Effect of Competitive State Anxiety on Sport Performance among Sepak Takraw Athletes. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2

Walton, K.G., Schneider, R.H., & Nidich, S. 2004. Review of Controlled Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program and Cardiovascular Disease. Risk factors, Morbidity, and Mortality. Cardiol Rev, 12(5), 262-266.

Yago Ramis, Carme Viladrich, Catarina Sousa and Caroline Jannes. 2015. Exploring the Factorial Structure of the Sport Anxiety Scale-2: Invariance Across Language, Gender, Age and Type of Sport. Psicothema, 27 (2) 174-181 doi: 10.7334/psicothema2014.263

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.