Supervision of Unsafe Act on Formwork Workers at Project “X†Bekasi City

Putri Winda Lestari, Novalia Puji Lestari


Former observation results at “X†Project find several unsafe behaviors such as not using personal protective equipment (PPE), smoking and jesting while working. The aim of the study is to determine the association between supervision and unsafe behavior in formwork workers of “X†project Bekasi City. This study used cross sectional design. Independent variable was supervision, whereas dependent variable was unsafe behavior. Study population involved all of the formwork workers (40 people). Data was collected through observation using guided checklist on JSA and interview using valid and reliable questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted by chi-square. The study results showed that 25 respondents (62.5%) say that supervision are lacking while 21 respondents (50.2%) perform unsafe behavior. P-value of 0.011 means that there is an association between supervision and unsafe behavior, while the prevalence ratio value of 2.550 with 95%CI of 1,056–6,155 imply that poor supervision has 2.550 higher risk on the occurrence of unsafe behavior in workers compared to better supervision. In conclusion, there is an association between supervision and unsafe behavior.

Full Text:



Aditya Marianti, Anies, H. R. S. A. 2015. Peningkatan Kadar Timbal Darah dan Munculnya Perilaku Antisossial Pengrajin Kuningan. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 11(1), 144–154.

Aksorn, T., & Hadikusumo, B. H. W. 2007. The Unsafe Acts and the Decision-to-Err Factors of Thai Construction Workers. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 12(1), 1–25.

Chi, S., Han, S., Asce, M., & Kim, D. Y. 2013. Relationship between Unsafe Working Conditions and Workers ’ Behavior and Impact of Working Conditions on Injury Severity in U . S . Construction Industry. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 139(July), 826–838.

Fang, D., Wu, C., & Wu, H. 2015. Impact of the Supervisor on Worker Safety Behavior in Construction Projects. Journal of Management in Engineering, 31(6), 4015001.

Grant, A., & Hinze, J. 2014. Construction Worker Fatalities Related to Trusses: An analysis of the OSHA Fatality and Catastrophic Incident Database. Safety Science, 65, 54–62.

Hidayat, B., Ferial, R., & Anggraini, N. 2016. Kecelakaan Kerja Proyek Konstruksi Di Indonesia Tahun 2005-2015 : Tinjauan Content Analysis Dari Artikel. Konferensi Nasional Teknik Sipil 10, (October), 316–318. Retrieved from

Khosravi, Y., Asilian-Mahabadi, H., Hajizadeh, E., Hassanzadeh-Rangi, N., Bastani, H., & Behzadan, A. H. 2014. Factors Influencing Unsafe Behaviors and Accidents on Construction Sites: A Review. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 20(1), 111–125.

Langford, D., & Rowlinson, S. 2000. Safety Behaviour and Safety Management: Its Influence on the Attitudes of Workers in the UK Construction Industry. Engineering Construction and Architectural Management Journal, 7(2), 133–140. Retrieved from

Mattila, M., Hyttinen, M., & Rantanen, E. 1994. Effective Supervisory Behaviour and Safety at the Building Site. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 13(2), 85–93.

Maywati, S. 2012. Kajian Faktor Individu Terhadap Kadar Fenol Urin Pekerja Bagian Pengeleman Sandal. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 7(24), 137–143.

Mohammadfam, I., Soltanzadeh, A., Moghimbeigi, A., & Akbarzadeh, M. 2014. Factors Affecting Occupational Accidents in the Construction. Johe, 3(2).

Prayoga, H. A. 2014. Intensitas Pencahayaan dan kelainan Refraksi Mata Terhadap Kelelahan Mata. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 9(2), 1131–1136. 1858-1196

Ray, P. S., Purswell, J. L., & Bowen, D. 1993. Behavioral Safety Program: Creating a New Corporate Culture. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 12(3), Pages 193-198, 16 References; 1993.

Rowlinson, S., Mohamed, S., & Lam, S.-W. 2003. Hong Kong Construction Foremen’s Safety Responsibilities: A Case Study of Management Oversight. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 10(1), 27–35.

Sawacha, E., Naoum, S., & Fong, D. 1999. Factors Affecting Safety Performance on Construction Sites. International Journal of Project Management, 17(5), 309–315.

Suarez Sanchez, F. A., Carvajal Pelaez, G. I., & Catala Alis, J. 2017. Occupational Safety and Health in Construction: A Review of Applications and Trends. Industrial Health, 55(3), 210–218.

Wu, Yunna; Huang, Yong; Zhang, Shuo; and Zhang, Y. 2012. Quality Self Control and Co Supervision Mechanism of Construction - Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB). Habitat International, 36(4), 471–480.

Yogisutanti, G. al. 2013. Kebiasaan Makan Pagi, Lama Tidur dan Kelelahan Kerja (Fatigue) Pada Dosen. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 9(1), 53–57. 1858-1196

Zohar, D. 2002. Modifying Supervisory Practices to Improve Subunit Safety: A Leadership-based Intervention Model. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(1), 156–163.

Zohar, D., & Luria, G. 2003. The Use of Supervisory Practices as Leverage to Improve Safety Behavior: A Cross-level Intervention Model. Journal of Safety Research, 34(5), 567–577.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.