Surveillance at Sea: Legal Aspects of Offshore Installation's Utilization

Main Article Content

Arie Afriansyah
Salsabila Siliwangi Surtiwa


As the sea possesses rich variations of resources, it also imposes threats to the security and defense interests of a nation. Oil and gas exploration is one of the most important economic activities in the sea. In Indonesia, hundreds of offshore oil and gas platforms comprise thirty percent of the total oil and gas production. This signifies the importance of their establishment to the economy. However, their potentials do not stop there. As Indonesia is comprised of a very vast water area, the surveillance system still needs improvement. The article proposes to combine these interests into manifesting a simple surveillance system in offshore oil and gas platforms to improve defense and security systems, both for maritime routes in general and also the installations. The proposal prioritizes installations that are no longer operating, shifting their functions for other beneficial means. This is supported by the current law and regulations of the sea, both at the international and national levels. The international law of the sea implies that surveillance and data collection is allowed within the jurisdictional and territorial waters, whereas national levels allow functional shifting and defense system improvement in installations as long as it is coordinated with relevant ministries.

Article Details

How to Cite
Afriansyah, A., & Surtiwa, S. S. (2020). Surveillance at Sea: Legal Aspects of Offshore Installation’s Utilization. JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies), 5(2), 419-448.
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Arie Afriansyah, Department of International Law, Faculty of Law Universitas Indonesia

Arie Afriansyah, S.H., M.I.L., Ph.D. is a lecturer at the Faculty of Law Universitas Indonesia. Besides teaching duties, currently, he is also the Chairman of Djokosoetono Research Center Faculty of Law Universitas Indonesia; the Editor in Chief of Indonesia Law Review (, and the Senior Associate Editor for Indonesian Journal of International Law (

Salsabila Siliwangi Surtiwa, Faculty of Law Universitas Indonesia

Salsabila Siliwangi Surtiwa is a research intern at the Center for International Law Studies. She previously served as a legal fellow at Justice Without Borders and was involved in the Conference of Indonesian Diaspora Youth 2018 as a member of the drafting committee. She also took up the role of Deputy Head of the Journalism Bureau at Lembaga Kajian Keilmuan (LK2) FHUI in 2018, after formerly serving as a staff in the previous year. Her research interests include Public International Law, Adat Law, as well as Law, Society and Development.


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