Indonesia's Legal Policy During COVID-19 Pandemic: Between the Right to Education and Public Health

Main Article Content

Rizki Ramadani
Yuli Adha Hamzah
Arianty Anggraeni Mangerengi


Basically, every country is obliged to ensure quality education without discrimination against every citizen, including Indonesia. Recognition of the right to education is so important that it becomes one of the goals of the state as stated in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution, namely to educate the nation's life. However, since the COVID-19 pandemic hit the world, the education sector has also been affected. People have no choice, but to implement the Covid-19 prevention habits and protocols. In the case of Indonesia, the government has closed the schools and universities since mid-March 2020 and switched to the online learning system. In this article, the author will explain the Indonesia’s legal policy in fulfilling the community’s right to education during pandemic, at the same time analyzing how government responds to the public demands. This normative legal research is conducted using a conceptual and statutory approach, which will then be analyzed descriptive-qualitatively. The result shows that educational policies during COVID-19 pandemic can be divided into two phases: early pandemic and new normal transition. In the first phase, the government focused on protecting the health and safety to all communities in the education institution areas by implementing certain protocols, closing the schools and switching to distance/online learning. Although public health and safety are top priorities, the policies resulted in disparities among students. While in the new normal transition phase, The government tends to respond to public demands on education problems by loosening its policies a little through schools disclosure and providing the internet support in online learning


Article Details

How to Cite
Ramadani, R., Hamzah, Y. A., & Mangerengi, A. A. (2021). Indonesia’s Legal Policy During COVID-19 Pandemic: Between the Right to Education and Public Health. Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies, 6(1), 125-156.
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Rizki Ramadani, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Rizki Ramadani is a Lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makasar, Indonesia. He obtained the Master of Laws degree from Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta Indonesia. His area of research interest concerning Constitutional Law, Comparative Law, and Administrative Law. Some of his recent publications such as, Reformulation of Institutional Relationship between the People’s Representative Council and the Corruption Eradication Commission (Corruption, 2021), Regional Head Election During COVID-19 Pandemic: the Antinomy in the Government Policies (Yuridika, 2021), and Position of Supervisory Board Organ and Its Implications for the Institutional Corruption Eradication Commission (Law Reform, 2020).

Yuli Adha Hamzah, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Yuli Adha Hamzah is a Lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makasar, Indonesia. His area of research interest concerning Private and Business Law. Some of his works have been published on several journals, such as,  Peningkatan Kesadaran Memakai Helm Kepada Pelajar MTs. Muhammadiyah Tombo–Tombolo Gunung Silanu Jeneponto (Al Tafani: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 2021), and Analisis Yuridis Perkawinan Dibawah Umur Melalui Kewenangan Kantor Urusan Agama (Studi Kasus di KUA Kabupaten Bantaeng) (Pleno Jure, 2020).

Arianty Anggraeni Mangerengi, Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Arianty Anggraeni Mangerengi a Lecturer at Faculty of Law Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makasar, Indonesia.


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