Legal Protection of Indigenous People's Rights Through Strengthening the Licensing Principles Based on Social Sensitivity

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Zaka Firma Aditya
Sholahuddin Al-Fatih


The issue of human rights in Indonesia towards the 21st century has shifted from violations committed by the government during the new order to the issue of human rights violations by multinational companies (corporate crime), because of natural resources exploitation is directly proportional to the increase in human rights violations. Many cases of human rights violations by business actors that occur in the form of annexation and seizure of indigenous peoples land that occurs every year. One of the causes of the many cases of human rights violations against indigenous peoples is due to the loosening of permits given by the government to companies wishing to exploit natural resources. Strengthening the Permits principle can be used as a strategic step in reducing the number of violations of poverty that occur to indigenous peoples. Permits used as a means of controlling human behavior which results in rights and obligations born of licenses.


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How to Cite
Aditya, Z. F., & Al-Fatih, S. (2021). Legal Protection of Indigenous People’s Rights Through Strengthening the Licensing Principles Based on Social Sensitivity. JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies), 6(1), 1-34.
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Zaka Firma Aditya, Center for Research and Case Analysis, Indonesian Constitutional Court

Zaka Firma Aditya, S.H., M.H. is a Researcher at Center for Research and Case Analysis, Indonesian Constitutional Court, Jakarta, Indonesia. He obtained his bachelor’s degree of law from Universitas Negeri Semarang and master’s degree from Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya Indonesia. He also serving as one of the editors at Constitutional Law Review, a prominent law journal published by Constitutional Court of Republic of Indonesia. His area of expertise concerning Constitutional Law, Human Rights Law, as well as Comparative Law. Some of his works have been published on several journals such as Indonesian constitutional rights: expressing and purposing opinions on the internet (The International Journal of Human Rights, 2020), Monitoring of Litigation Costs and Efforts to Eradicate Judicial Corruption Practices (Indonesian Journal of Advocacy and Legal Services, 2020), and Konseptualisasi Omnibus law Dalam Pemindahan Ibukota Negara (Jurnal Ilmiah Kebijakan Hukum, 2021).

Sholahuddin Al-Fatih, University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Sholahuddin Al Fatih, S.H., M.H. is a Lecturer at Faculty of Law, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Indonesia. He also pursuing a Doctoral Program at University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia. He also serving as Editor in Chief Legality Journal at Faculty of Law Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. Some of his works have been published on several journals such as Parliamentary Threshold In Integrative Legal Perspective: Indonesian Case (Jambe Law Journal, 2021), The Urgency of Redefinition of Offense Formulation of Corruption in The Law on The Eradication of Corruption (Law Research Review Quarterly, 2021), and Economic Analysis Relationship in Determining The Size of Parliamentary Threshold in Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Policy Studies, 2020).


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