Increasing Gross Motor Skill Through Fundamental Skill Development Program experiment
Main Article Content
The aim of this study was to examine Canadian movement program called fundamental skill development programs implemented in Indonesia to increase childrenâ€™s gross motor skills. By using a quasi-experiment, the matching-only pretest-posttest control group design, the sample was divided into two groups (N = 25 to the experimental group, N = 25 to the control group). The Gross motor skills were measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development - Second Edition TGMD - 2 Ulrich (2000). The experimental group was given training for eight weeks, 1 session per week and each session lasting 60 minutes. Statistical analysis was performed using paired sample t-test and independent sample t-test. The results showed that there is an increase in gross motor skills in the experimental group with P < 0.05. Then the results of independent sample t-test by comparing the Gain score between experimental group and the control group is significant difference with P < 0.05. It can be concluded that the fundamental skill development programs significant effect on gross motor skills in the first-grade student.
Chow, B.C. and Chan Lily. (2011). Gross Motor Skills of Hong Kong Preschool Children. Asian Journal of Physical Education & Recreation. 17, (1), 71-77
Fraenkel J.R., et. al. (2012). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. (8nd eds), New York : McGraw-Hill Inc
Gallahue, David L. (1995). Developmental Physical Education for Todayâ€™s Children. (3rd eds), Chicago : Brown & Benchmark
Gustiana, Asep Deni. (2011). Pengaruh Permainan Modifikasi terhadap Motorik Kasar dan Kognitif Anak Usia Dini. Tesis pada SPs UPI: tidak diterbitkan.
Haapala, E. A. (2013). Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Motor Skills in Relation to Cognition and Academic Performance in Children â€“ A Review. Journal of Human Kinetic. 36, 55-68.
Lutan, Rusli. (2001). Belajar Keterampilan Motorik Pengantar Teori dan Metode. Jakarta: Dikbud.
Payne, V.G. and Issacs, Larry D., (2012) Human Motor Development A Lifespan Approach. (8th Eds.) New York : McGraw-Hill
Raudsepp, L. And Pall, P. (2006). The Relationship Between Fundamental Motor Skills and Outside-School Physical Activity of Elementary School Children. Pediatric Sciene. 18, 426-435
Sask Sport Inc. (2001). Children in Sport: A Fundamental Skill Development Program. Saskatshewan : Sask Sport Inc.
Stork, S., and Sanders S. W. (2008). Physical Education in Early Childhood.The Elementary School Journal. 108, (3), 197 - 206
Sumarlis, V. (2005). Kontribusi Aspek Motorik, Persepsi, dan Bahasa Terhadap Risiko Kesulitan Belajar (Identifikasi Dini yang Dilakukan di Tingkat Pra-sekolah). Tesis tidak diterbitkan. Depok: Universitas Indonesia
Venetsanou dan Kambas. (2010). Enviromental Faktor Affecting Preschoolersâ€™ Motor Development. Journal of Early Childhood Education. 37, 319-327
Wang, Joanne H.T. (2004). A Study on Gross Motor Skill of Preschool Children. Journal of Research in Chilghood Education. 19, (1), 32-43
Wong, K. Y. A., dan Cheung, S. Y. (2010). Confirmatory Factor Analisys of Test of Gross Motor Development-2. Journal of Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 14, 202-209.