The Difference of the Effect of Reciprocal and Teaching Style on the Learning Outcomes of Service Basic Techniques

Main Article Content

Andre Igoresky
James Tangkudung
Taufik Rihatno


This study aims to see the differences in the effect of reciprocal and inclusion teaching styles on learning outcomes of basic service techniques. The type of this research is a quasi-experimental. The sample in this study were students of the Department of Sports Education, Faculty of Sports Science, Padang State University (UNP) 2018, as many as 44 people. The data were collected by conducting a placement test. Data analysis and hypothesis testing used comparative analysis techniques using the mean difference test formula (t test) with a significant level a = 0.05. From the data analysis, it can be concluded that there is a difference in the effect of reciprocal and inclusion teaching style on the learning outcomes of student basic service techniques, with the result of the “t” test coefficient, namely tcount (3.38) which is greater than ttable (1.680).

Article Details

Author Biographies

Andre Igoresky, Universitas Negeri Padang

Pendidikan Olahraga Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Jakarta

James Tangkudung, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Pendidikan Olahraga Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Taufik Rihatno, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Pendidikan Olahraga Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Jakarta


Abrams, G. D., Harris, A. H. S., Andriacchi, T. P., & Safran, M. R. (2014). Biomechanical analysis of three tennis serve types using a markerless system. British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Ashegh Navaie, L. (2018). The Effects of Reciprocal Teaching on Reading Comprehension of Iranian EFL Learners. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 9(4), 26.
Bowo, Y. R. H. (2016). Hubungan Antara Kekuatan Genggaman, Koordinasi Mata-Tangan dan Percaya Diri Dengan Ketepatan Service. Jurnal Dewantara, 2, 179–196.
Chen, Y., & Kong, D. (2017). An investigation on factors in the integration of reciprocal teaching into multimedia teaching. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(1), 133–142.
Digital, G., Lantai, L., & Medan, U. N. (2018). SEMINAR NASIONAL Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Olahraga. Prosiding, Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Olahraga, Universitas Negeri Medan, 442–447.
Education, I. P., P-issn, S., Andria, Y., Igoresky, A., Faculty, T., Sport, O., Universitas, P., & Jakarta, N. (2020). Contribution of Grip Strength and Eye-Hand Coordination Towards Service Accuracy in Tennis Athletes Kota Pariaman Tennis Club ( KTC ). 6(1), 17–22.
Fan, W., & Ye, S. (2007). Teaching styles among shanghai teachers in primary and secondary schools. Educational Psychology.
Fleisig, G., Nicholls, R., Elliott, B., & Escamilla, R. (2003). Tennis: Kinematics used by world class tennis players to produce high velocity serves. Sports Biomechanics.
Ghanizadeh, A., & Jahedizadeh, S. (2016). EFL teachers’ teaching style, creativity, and burnout: A path analysis approach. Cogent Education.
Hughes, M. D., & Bartlett, R. M. (2002). The use of performance indicators in performance analysis. In Journal of Sports Sciences.
Johnson, C. D., & McHugh, M. P. (2006). Performance demands of professional male tennis players. British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Juniar, D. T. (2019). The Effect of Motor Ability Level on Taekwondo Kick Learning Outcome through Reciprocal Teaching Style. Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 4(1), 79–85.
M. Okkingaa, R. van Steenselb , A.J.S. van Gelderenc, & P. J. C. S. (n.d.). Running head: Reciprocal Teaching and Teacher Skills Effects of reciprocal teaching on reading comprehension of low achieving adolescents. The importance of specific teacher skills. M. Okkinga (Vol. 1331).
Menteri Hukum dan HAM RI. (2005). Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 14 Tahun 2005 tentang Guru dan Dosen. Produk Hukum, 54.
Mulyono, D., Asmawi, M., & Nuriah, T. (2018). The Effect of Reciprocal Teaching, Student Facilitator and Explaining and Learning Independence on Mathematical Learning Results by Controlling the Initial Ability of Students. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 13(3), 199–205.
O’Donoghue, G. P., & Brown, E. (2008). The Importance of Service in Grand Slam Singles Tennis. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport.
Pilten, G. (2016). The Evaluation of Effectiveness of Reciprocal Teaching Strategies on Comprehension of Expository Texts. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 4(10), 232–247.
Pitsi, A., Digelidis, N., & Papaioannou, A. (2015). The effects of reciprocal and self–check teaching styles in students’ intrinsic– extrinsic motivation, enjoyment and autonomy in teaching traditional Greek dances. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 15(2), 352–361.
Santana, M. V., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, Á., & López-Bodoya, J. (2015). Reciprocal teaching of gymnastic links in higher education. Science of Gymnastics Journal, 7(2), 33–44.
Teaching, R. (2012). Reciprocal Teaching. Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning, 2787–2787.
Widya, B., Hasil, T. L. P., & Servis, L. (2011). Perbedaan Hasil Latihan Servis Slice Dengan Teknik Terhadap Kemampuan Penempatan Bola Servis Bagi Pemain Tenis Pemula Klub Phapros Semarang Tahun 2011.