Early Marriage in Women and the Risk of Low Birth Weight


Muhammad Azinar
Arulita Ika Fibriana
Alfiana Ainun Nisa
Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin
Gunawan Sapto Indrianto
Irfan Sholahuddin
Putri Nur Tamalla
Claudia Permatasari


Neonatal mortality, largely caused by Low Birth Weight (LBW), is a big challenge in Grobogan district, Central Java. For instance, the year 2020 recorded 111 infant mortality cases due to LBW. The following year, an additional 63 cases were reported from January- July bringing the total to 174 instances recorded in less than two years. Early marriage in women has been touted as the cause of the high LBW witnessed. Notably, Law Number 16 of 2019 set the base age at 19 years for marriage for both men and women. Statistics show that a total of 380 women got married at 19 years in 2020. However, the cases have significantly heightened to 453 in the year 2021. The research sample for this study was drawn from babies born to women aged 30 and below. The data was analyzed using the Chi-square test, whose results confirmed that residence, level of education, and employment status were related to the incidence of early marriage in women. Furthermore, it was found that women who married at 20 years and below had a greater risk (1,728 times) compared to those who gave birth between 20-30 years.



Author Biographies

Muhammad Azinar, Public Health Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Scopus ID: 57194193079

Arulita Ika Fibriana, Public Health Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Scopus ID: 57194196731

Alfiana Ainun Nisa, Public Health Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Scholar Google

Mohammad Zen Rahfiludin, Public Health Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Scopus ID: 55536798700

Gunawan Sapto Indrianto, Population and Civil Registry Office of Grobogan Regency, Central Java, Indonesia


Irfan Sholahuddin, Public Health Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia


Putri Nur Tamalla, Public Health Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia


Claudia Permatasari, Public Health Department, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia


How to Cite
Azinar, M., Fibriana, A. I., Nisa, A. A., Rahfiludin, M. Z., Indrianto, G. S., Sholahuddin, I., Tamalla, P. N., & Permatasari, C. (2022). Early Marriage in Women and the Risk of Low Birth Weight. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 11(1), 75-81. https://doi.org/10.15294/ujph.v11i1.51231


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