Stigma, Discrimination, and Public Perception: A Relationship between Screening for Mental Emotional Disorders and Public Perception of Mental Disorders Health Policy, Health Law

Main Article Content

Ichdinavia Harsaya
Alifiati Fitrikasari
Innawati Yusuf
Elly Noerhidajati
Yetty Movieta Nency


Mental-emotional disorder is a condition of emotional changes that can develop into a pathological state, with a prevalence of 9.8% in people over 15 years of age in Indonesia. Public perception of people with mental disorders leads to stigma and discrimination that have negative consequences for both sufferers and their family members. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between mental emotional disorders and people's perceptions of mental disorders. This research is an analytic observational study with a designcross sectional.The sample in this study were employees, students and visitors of the Diponegoro National Hospital, Semarangtaken by consecutive sampling method. The research instrument used a sociodemographic questionnaire, a Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) 20 and a Community Attitude Towards The Mentally Ill (CAMI) questionnaire. This study found and confirmed that the subjects in this study 27.3% experienced mental emotional disorders and the majority had a counter-stigma and discrimination attitude, although there were still some who had a pro attitude towards stigma and discrimination, namely 7.3%. There is a significant correlation between emotional mental disorders and public perception of mental disorders (0.035) with a 95% confidence level. This study concludes that there is a significant relationship between emotional mental disorders and people's perceptions of mental disorders.

Article Details

How to Cite
Harsaya, I., Fitrikasari, A., Yusuf, I., Noerhidajati, E., & Nency, Y. M. (2021). Stigma, Discrimination, and Public Perception: A Relationship between Screening for Mental Emotional Disorders and Public Perception of Mental Disorders. Unnes Law Journal: Jurnal Hukum Universitas Negeri Semarang, 7(2), 405-418.
Review Article


Ahmedani, B. K. (2011). Mental health stigma: society, individuals, and the profession. Journal of social work values and ethics, 8(2), 4-1.

Campos, L., Dias, P., & Palha, F. (2014). Finding Space to Mental Health-Promoting mental health in adolescents: Pilot study. Education and Health, 32(1), 23-29.

Choudhry, F. R., Mani, V., Ming, L. C., & Khan, T. M. (2016). Beliefs and perception about mental health issues: a meta-synthesis. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 12, 2807.

Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (1993). Pedoman Penggolongan dan Diagnosis Gangguan Jiwa Di Indonesia III. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan RI.

Fleiz Bautista, C., Villatoro Velázquez, J., Mora Icaza, M. E. M., Moreno López, M., Gutiérrez López, M. D. L., & Oliva Robles, N. (2012). Sociodemographic and personal factors related to depressive symptomatology in the Mexican population aged 12 to 65. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 34, 395-404.

Hartini, N., Fardana, N. A., Ariana, A. D., & Wardana, N. D. (2018). Stigma toward people with mental health problems in Indonesia. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 11, 535-541.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2018. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Republic of Indonesia. (2014). Undang-undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2014 tentang Kesehatan Jiwa.

Shi, L., Lu, Z. A., Que, J. Y., Huang, X. L., Liu, L., Ran, M. S., Ran & Lu, L. (2020). Prevalence of and risk factors associated with mental health symptoms among the general population in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. JAMA network open, 3(7), 221–225.

Venkatesh, B. T., Andrews, T., Mayya, S. S., Singh, M. M., & Parsekar, S. S. (2015). Perception of stigma toward mental illness in South India. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 4(3), 449-453.

World Health Organization. (2004). Prevention of Mental Disorders : Effective Interventions and Policy Options: Summary Report / A Report of the World Health Organization Dept. of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. in Collaboration with the Prevention Research Centre of the Universities. Geneva: World Health Organization.

World Health Organization. (2013). Mental Health Action Plan 2013 – 2020. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Yuan, Q., Abdin, E., Picco, L., Vaingankar, J. A., Shahwan, S., Jeyagurunathan, A., ... & Subramaniam, M. (2016). Attitudes to mental illness and its demographic correlates among general population in Singapore. PloS one, 11(11), 1-13.