Prospect and Challenges of Criminal Procedures in Nigeria: A Review Criminal Procedure Law, Law and Justice

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Babajide Olatoye Ilo
Adekunbi Folashade Imosemi


Criminal Justice Procedure (CJP) can be described as the collective means through which a person accused of an offence passes until the accusations have been disposed of or the assessed punishment concluded. Arguably, CJP in Nigeria took an enviable turn around with the enactment of a new principal enactment, Administration of Criminal Justice Act (ACJA) which has repositioned the CJP in Nigeria by addressing the seemingly inadequacies in Criminal Procedure Act (CPA) and Criminal Procedure Code (CPC), harmonizing the CPA and CPC, codifying most age-long judicial pronouncements on CPA and CPC and addressing human rights abuses in erstwhile applicable laws thereby catapulting the CJP in Nigeria to an enviable position in the comity of nations. Recent judicial pronouncements in Nigeria on ACJA are worrisome and questions the readiness of the Judiciary as a stakeholder in Criminal Justice System to address the menace of delay in criminal trials which the ACJA aimed to address by introducing novel provisions target towards speedy dispensation of justice in criminal trials. The research methodology used in this study is systematic review and normative, by analyzing principal and secondary enactments in Nigerian CJP with judicial interpretations. While emphasizing the prospects of the ACJA, this paper also highlighted the challenges and suggested solutions to same. Despite its defects, the ACJA is a landmark development in the Nigerian Criminal Justice Procedure and all States of the Federation are therefore enjoined to domesticate the law.

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How to Cite
Ilo, B. O., & Imosemi, A. F. (2022). Prospect and Challenges of Criminal Procedures in Nigeria: A Review. Unnes Law Journal, 8(2), 279-312.
Research Article
Author Biography

Adekunbi Folashade Imosemi, Babcock University

Dr. Adekunbi Imosemi is an Associate Professor of Law at Babcock University, Ilishan-remo and holds a LL.B from the University of Ibadan in 2001, She Proceeded to the Nigerian Law School, got a B.L in 2003 and LL.M from the University of Ibadan in 2008. She was into active Legal Practice between 2003 and 2009 before joining Babcock University, School of Law and Security Studies as a Faculty. She has a Ph.D in Law and Diplomacy from Babcock University in 2017. Her Research interests are Criminal Law, Criminal Justice Administration, Administrative Law and Social Rights Law. She has published Articles in Learned Journals and Books in Chapters in her research areas. She is currently exploring the Criminal Justice Administration in Nigeria in juxtaposition with that of other jurisdictions.


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