Opportunities of Using Information and Communication Technology in Reducing Poverty

Nugrahana Fitria Ruhyana, Wiedy Yang Essa


The development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is believed to improve the quality of human life, reduce inequality, and encourage the acceleration of poverty reduction. ICT can be developed as an alternative poverty alleviation program. The purpose of this study was to determine the opportunities of utilization of ICT in reducing poverty in Sumedang Regency and Bandung City. This study used quantitative methods with sources taken from National Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas) data in 2018. The data was analyzed by the Probit Regression method. ICT variables consisted of the ownership of cellular phones, computer use, and internet access. The results of the econometric model indicate that ICT can reduce the likelihood of poverty after being controlled by other related variables such as age, gender, education level, number of household members, access to business credit, and employment status. The government is expected to synergize with stakeholders to improve public services integrated with poverty reduction through the use of ICT, educating the public with productive internet, and expanding the development of ICT infrastructure.


ICT, Poverty, Urban, Rural

Full Text:



Anderson, B. (2006). The value of mixed method longitudinal panel studies in ICT research: Transitions in and out of ‘ICT poverty’ as a case in point, Information, Communication & Society.

Andersson, M., Engvall, A., & Kokko, A. (2006) Determinants of poverty in Lao PDR. Sida.

APJII (2019). National Internet User Penetration Survey in 2018. Available at: https://apjii.or.id/survei2018s.

Ariansyah, K. (2018) ‘The Importance of the Internet on Improving Economic Welfare: An Empirical Evidence from Indonesian Rural Household’, in In 2018 International Conference on ICT for Rural

Development (IC-ICTRuDev) (pp. 118-123). IEEE.

Arifin, Z. (2012) The Impact of Mobile Phones on Household Welfare In Indonesia: Evidence and Implications. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pittsburgh).

Bhavnani, A., Chiu, R. W. W., Janakiram, S., Silarszky, P., & Bhatia, D. (2008) ‘The role of mobile phones in sustainable rural poverty reduction’, retrieved November, 22, 2008. IGI Global. doi: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8239-9.ch028.

BPS (2018). National Socio-Economic Survey in 2018. Jakarta.

BPS (2019) Statistic of Indonesia 2018.

Cecchini, S., & Scott, C. (2003). Can information and communications technology applications contribute to poverty reduction? Lessons from rural India. Information Technology for Development. Washington, D.C.: OSA, 10(2), 73–84. doi: 10.1364/OFC.2015.W2A.57.

Chib, A. et al. (2008) Midwives and mobiles: using ICTs to improve healthcare in Aceh Besar, Indonesia. Asian Journal of

Communication, 18(4), 348–364. doi: 10.1080/01292980802344182.

Darmadi, D. (2012) The Relationship between Education Level and Poverty: A Case Study in Sumedang District [Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Kemiskinan : Sebuah Studi Kasus Di Kabupaten Sumedang] Universitas Padjadjaran.

Khuhawar, K. H. et al. (2014). Crush The Poverty By Information And Communication Technology. Population, 3(4), 250–256.

Komalasari, T. D. (2019). West Java Becomes the Province with the Most Unemployment, People Think [Jawa Barat Jadi Provinsi dengan Pengangguran Terbanyak, Pikiran Rakyat]. Retrived from: https://www.pikiran-rakyat.com/ekonomi/2019/05/06/jawa-barat-jadi-provinsi-dengan-pengangguran-terbanyak (Accessed: 11 June 2019).

Lockley, A., Tobias, J., & Bah, A. (2013) Hasil Kajian Gender Dari Basis Data Terpadu.

Mankiw, N. G. (2010). Macroeconomics. 7th editio. Edited by E. M. Marie. New York: Worth.

Maxfield, A. (2004). Health communication insights: Information and communication technologies for the developing world [Electronic version]. Baltimore: Health Communication Partnership.

Neelameghan, A. (2004). Information and communication technologies: Applications and limitations. Information and communication technology: Recasting development, 52-65.

Puspitasari, L. & Ishii, K. (2016). Digital Divides and Mobile Internet in Indonesia: Impact of Smartphones. Telematics and Informatics, 33(2), 472–483. doi: 10.1016/j.tele.2015.11.001.

Putri, A. D. & Setiawina, N. D. (2013). The Influence of Age, Education, Employment on Poor Household Income in Bebandem Village [Pengaruh Umur, Pendidikan, Pekerjaan terhadap Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Miskin di Desa Bebandem]. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana, 2(4), 173–180.

Quibria, M. G. (2012) ‘Microcredit and Poverty Alleviation: Can microcredit close the deal?’, WIDER Working Paper No. 2012/78, ISBN 978-92-9230-541-3.

Regional Development Research and Development Planning Agency of Sumedang Regency (2019) RPJMD Sumedang Regency 2018 – 2023 [Kabupaten Sumedang Tahun 2018 – 2023]. Sumedang: Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Daerah Kabupaten Sumedang.

Regional Office of the Directorate General of Treasury of West Java Province (2019) State Budget Performance in 2018 and State Budget Outlook in 2019 [Kinerja APBN 2018 dan Outlook APBN 2019]. Bandung.

Rini, A. S. & Sugiharti, L. (2017). Determinants of Poverty in Indonesia: A Household Analysis [Faktor-Faktor Penentu Kemiskinan di Indonesia: Analisis Rumah Tangga]. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan, 1(2), 17–33. doi: 10.20473/jiet.v1i2.3252.

Setyaningsih, R. (2018). The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Alleviating Urban Poverty (Case Study of the Punk Community in Yogyakarta City) [Peran Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi dalam Mengentaskan Kemiskinan Perkotaan (Studi Kasus Pada Komunitas Punk di Kota Yogyakarta)]. Perspektif Komunikasi, 1(1).

Slater, D. & Kwami, J. (2005). Embeddedness and escape: Internet and mobile use as poverty reduction strategies in Ghana. Working Paper, (June), 1–16.

Urquhart, C., Liyanage, S., & Kah, M. M. O. (2008). ICTs and Poverty Reduction: A Social Capital and Knowledge Perspective. Journal of Information Technology, 23(3), 203–213. doi: 10.1057/palgrave.jit.2000121.

Waverman, L., Meschi, M., & Fuss, M. (2005). The impact of telecoms on economic growth in developing countries. The Vodafone policy paper series, 2(03), 10-24.

Widiyastuti, I. (2015). Analysis In The Assessment of ICT Impact At The Poverty Alleviation In Indonesia’, IPTEK-KOM, 17(1), 19–30.

Wooldridge, J. M. (2003) Introductory Econometrics. 2nd edn. Thompson Learning.

Xu, H. (2017) How information and communication technologies help to eradicate poverty, Asia Pacific UNDP. Retrived from: www.asia-pacific.undp.org/content/rbap/en/home/blog/2017/7/24/How-Information-and-communication-technologies-help-to-eradicate-poverty.html%

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jejak.v13i2.25036


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.