KONSUMSI IKAN DAN HASIL PERTANIAN TERHADAP KADAR Hg DARAH

Andik Setiyono, Annisa Djaidah

Abstract

Hg bersifat toksik untuk makhluk hidup dan menimbulkan kerusakan tubuh permanen bila memajan dalam jumlah cukup dalam waktu lama. Amalgamasi adalah teknik pengolahan emas pada tambang tradisional yang dilakukan masyarakat dengan memanfaatkan Hg sebagai pengikat emas. Limbah tailing yang masih mengandung Hg dibuang tanpa dilakukan pengolahan lebih dulu, sehingga mencemari tanah dan air tanah. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana hubungan tingkat konsumsi ikan dan konsumsi hasil pertanian terhadap kadar Hg darah masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui hubungan tingkat konsumsi ikan dan konsumsi hasil pertanian terhadap kadar Hg darah masyarakat. Metode penelitian survei menggunakan desain belah lintang. Recall makanan selama 3 hari tidak berurutan digunakan untuk mengukur tingkat konsumsi ikan dan hasil pertanian masyarakat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara konsumsi ikan (p=0,0001), konsumsi makanan pokok (p=0,002),konsumsi sayuran (p=0,001), konsumsi umbi-umbian (p=0,002), dan konsumsi buah-buahan (p=0,002) dengan kadar Hg darah. Simpulan penelitian adalah variabel yang berhubungan dengan kadar Hg darah adalah konsumsi ikan, konsumsi makanan pokok, konsumsi sayuran, konsumsi umbi-umbian, dan konsumsi buah-buahan.

Hg is toxic to living organisms and cause permanent damage to the body when exposing in considerable numbers in a long time. Amalgamation is a gold processing technique on traditional mining community undertaken by utilizing Hg as gold binder. Tailings still contain Hg discharged without treatment first performed, thus contaminating the soil and groundwater. Problem in this study was how the correlation between fish consumption and consumption of agricultural products against blood Hg levels of community. The purpose was to determine the correlation between fish consumption and consumption of agricultural products against blood Hg levels of society. Survey method used a cross sectional design. Recall of food for 3 consecutive days used to measure the level of fish consumption and agricultural communities. The results showed that there were relationship between fish consumption (p=0.0001), a staple food consumption (p=0.002), vegetable consumption (p=0.001), consumption of tubers (p=0.002), and consumption of fruits (p=0.002) with blood Hg level. The conclusion, variables associated with blood Hg levels were consumption of fish, the staple food consumption, vegetable consumption, consumption of tubers, and fruits consumption.

Keywords

Toxic; Hg level; Blood

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