Online political trust in Anies Baswedan and Ganjar Pranowo: Who is the new potential candidate?

Tawakkal Baharuddin(1),


(1) Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar

Abstract

Political trust has long been one of the indicators to assess whether the democratic system is running stable. This study seeks to develop this idea with new discussions, particularly the assessment of online political trust, by focusing on cases related to the 2024 Indonesian Presidential Election issue, which raised the names of potential new candidates in the regional elections. The identified candidates are Anies Baswedan and Ganjar Pranowo. This study used a quantitative approach with descriptive content analysis. Data collection is carried out based on the candidate's official account on Twitter and other relevant information. This study relies on the Nvivo 12 Plus analysis tool. This study found that political trust can be legitimized through online social networks such as social media. Anies Baswedan emerged as the dominant candidate influencing online political trust on Twitter. The high results of public discussion significantly affect the increase in trust in candidates who are often mentioned and popular on social media. Another dominant factor that influences is the online activity of the candidates. This study found the relevance of online political trust for candidates and democracy, namely determining the electability of candidates, elections, and political participation. Online political trust is increasingly important in the context of politics and democracy. In cyberspace, people access much information about political issues, which often shapes their political views and trust. The findings of this study also confirm that online political trust can be an essential indicator for assessing the progress of digital democracy in the future.

Keywords

Political trust; Digital democracy; Election; Social media

References

Adams-Cohen, N. J. (2020). Policy Change and Public Opinion: Measuring Shifting Political Sentiment With Social Media Data. American Politics Research, 48(5), 612–621. https://doi.org/10.1177/1532673X20920263

Ahsan, M., & Kumari, M. (2019). Rumors and their controlling mechanisms in online social networks: A survey. Online Social Networks and Media, 14, 100050. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.osnem.2019.100050

Ampofo, L., Anstead, N., Loughlin, B. O., Holloway, R., & Street, H. (2011). Trust, confidence, and credibility: Citizen responses on twitter to opinion polls during the 2010 UK general election. Information, Communication & Society, 14(62011), 850–871.

Baharuddin, T., Jubba, H., Nurmandi, A., & Qodir, Z. (2022). Online Social Trust in Government: Analysis of Government Policy During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Democracy and Social Transformation, ICON-DEMOST 2021. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.15-9-2021.2315575

Baharuddin, T., Qodir, Z., Jubba, H., & Nurmandi, A. (2022). Prediction of Indonesian presidential candidates in 2024 using sentiment analysis and text search on Twitter. International Journal of Communication and Society, 4(2), 204–213. https://doi.org/10.31763/ijcs.v4i2.512

Baharuddin, T., Sairin, S., Jubba, H., Qodir, Z., Nurmandi, A., & Hidayati, M. (2021). Social Capital and Social Trust : The State ’ s Response in Facing the Spread of COVID-19 in Indonesia. Sociology and Technoscience, 11(2), 23–47. https://doi.org/10.24197/st.2.2021.23-47

Baharuddin, T., Sairin, S., Qodir, Z., Jubba, H., & Nurmandi, A. (2022). Partisipasi dan kepercayaan sosial daring: kebijakan vaksinasi COVID-19 di Indonesia. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi (Indonesian Journal of Communications Studies), 6(1), 277–290. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v6i1.3680

Baharuddin, T., Salahudin, S., Sairin, S., Qodir, Z., & Jubba, H. (2021). Kampanye Antikorupsi Kaum Muda melalui Media Sosial Twitter. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 19(1), 58–77. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31315/jik.v19i1.3827

Boler, M., & Davis, E. (2018). The affective politics of the “post-truth” era: Feeling rules and networked subjects. Emotion, Space and Society, 27, 75–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emospa.2018.03.002

Bossetta, M. (2018). The Digital Architectures of Social Media: Comparing Political Campaigning on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat in the 2016 U.S. Election. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 95(2), 471–496. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699018763307

Ceron, A. (2015). Internet, News, and Political Trust: The Difference Between Social Media and Online Media Outlets. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 20(5), 487–503. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcc4.12129

Chen, E., Deb, A., & Ferrara, E. (2021). #Election2020: the first public Twitter dataset on the 2020 US Presidential election. Journal of Computational Social Science, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42001-021-00117-9

Deseriis, M. (2021). Rethinking the digital democratic affordance and its impact on political representation: Toward a new framework. New Media and Society, 23(8), 2452–2473. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444820929678

Drus, Z., & Khalid, H. (2019). Sentiment analysis in social media and its application: Systematic literature review. Procedia Computer Science, 161, 707–714. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.11.174

Flinders, M. (2021). Democracy and the Politics of Coronavirus: Trust, Blame and Understanding. Parliamentary Affairs, 74(2), 483–502. https://doi.org/10.1093/pa/gsaa013

Haryanto, B., Ruldeviyani, Y., Rohman, F., Julius Dimas, T. N., Magdalena, R., & Muhamad Yasil, F. (2019). Facebook analysis of community sentiment on 2019 Indonesian presidential candidates from Facebook opinion data. Procedia Computer Science, 161, 715–722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.11.175

Hemsley, J. (2019). Followers Retweet! The Influence of Middle-Level Gatekeepers on the Spread of Political Information on Twitter. Policy and Internet, 11(3), 280–304. https://doi.org/10.1002/poi3.202

Hetherington, M. J., & Husser, J. A. (2012). How Trust Matters: The Changing Political Relevance of Political Trust. American Journal of Political Science, 56(2), 312–325. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5907.2011.00548.x

Hobbs, R. (2020). Propaganda in an Age of Algorithmic Personalization: Expanding Literacy Research and Practice. Reading Research Quarterly, 55(3), 521–533. https://doi.org/10.1002/rrq.301

Igwebuike, E. E., & Chimuanya, L. (2021). Legitimating falsehood in social media: A discourse analysis of political fake news. Discourse and Communication, 15(1), 42–58. https://doi.org/10.1177/1750481320961659

Javed, S., Rashidin, M. S., & Xiao, Y. (2022). Investigating the impact of digital influencers on consumer decision-making and content outreach: using dual AISAS model. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istrazivanja , 35(1), 1183–1210. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2021.1960578

Justwan, F., Bakker, R., & Berejikian, J. D. (2018). Measuring social trust and trusting the measure. Social Science Journal, 55(2), 149–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soscij.2017.10.001

Karlsson, M., Åström, J., & Adenskog, M. (2021). Democratic Innovation in Times of Crisis: Exploring Changes in Social and Political Trust. Policy and Internet, 13(1), 113–133. https://doi.org/10.1002/poi3.248

Khanday, A. M. U. D., Khan, Q. R., & Rabani, S. T. (2021). Identifying propaganda from online social networks during COVID-19 using machine learning techniques. International Journal of Information Technology (Singapore), 13(1), 115–122. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41870-020-00550-5

Kiess, J. (2021). Learning by doing: The impact of experiencing democracy in education on political trust and participation. Politics. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263395721990287

Lelisho, M. E., Pandey, D., Alemu, B. D., Pandey, B. K., & Tareke, S. A. (2022). The Negative Impact of Social Media during COVID-19 Pandemic. Trends in Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43076-022-00192-5

Levy, M. (2021). Winning cures everything? Trust about voter fraud, voter confidence, and the 2016 election. Electoral Studies, 74(March), 102156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electstud.2020.102156

Maulana, H. F., Mutmainah, W. ode, & Tang, N. (2022). The role of political buzzers in the formation of public opinion supports Anies Baswedan on social media Twitter. COMMICAST, 3(2), 192–200. https://doi.org/10.12928/commicast.v3i2.5956

Mena, P. (2020). Cleaning Up Social Media: The Effect of Warning Labels on Likelihood of Sharing False News on Facebook. Policy and Internet, 12(2), 165–183. https://doi.org/10.1002/poi3.214

Mietzner, M. (2014). Indonesia’s 2014 Elections: How Jokowi Won and Democracy Survived. Journal of Democracy, 25(4), 111–125. https://doi.org/10.1353/jod.2014.0073

Mosca, L. (2020). Democratic vision and online participatory spaces in the Italian Movimento 5 Stelle. Acta Politica, 55(1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41269-018-0096-y

Mutsvairo, B., & Ragnedda, M. (2017). Emerging political narratives on Malawian digital spaces. Communicatio, 43(2), 147–167. https://doi.org/10.1080/02500167.2017.1331926

Norris, P. (2019). Do perceptions of electoral malpractice undermine democratic satisfaction? The US in comparative perspective. International Political Science Review, 40(1), 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192512118806783

Painter, D. L. (2015). Online political public relations and trust: Source and interactivity effects in the 2012 U.S. presidential campaign. Public Relations Review, 41(5), 801–808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pubrev.2015.06.012

Park, K., & Rim, H. (2020). “Click First!”: The Effects of Instant Activism Via a Hoax on Social Media. Social Media and Society, 6(2), 1 –13. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120904706

Parmelee, J. H. (2014). The agenda-building function of political tweets. New Media and Society, 16(3), 434–450. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444813487955

Rasyid, S. B. A., Nurmandi, A., Suswanta, Mutiarin, D., & Salahudin. (2021). Advances in Digital Science. In T. Antipova (Ed.), International Conference on Advances in Digital Science (Vol. 1352, pp. 487–497). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-71782-7_43

Schraff, D. (2020). Political trust during the Covid-19 pandemic: Rally around the flag or lockdown effects? European Journal of Political Research, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12425

Shanahan, E. A., Mcbeth, M. K., & Hathaway, P. L. (2011). Narrative policy framework: The influence of media policy narratives on public opinion. Politics and Policy, 39(3), 373–400. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-1346.2011.00295.x

Shockley-Zalabak, P. S., Morreale, S. P., & Stavrositu, C. (2019). Voters’ Perceptions of Trust in 2016 Presidential Candidates, Clinton and Trump: Exploring the Election’s Outcome. American Behavioral Scientist, 63(7), 856–887. https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764217730855

Soon, C., & Samsudin, S. N. (2016). General Election 2015 in Singapore: What Social Media Did and Did not Do. The Round Table, 105(2), 171–184. https://doi.org/10.1080/00358533.2016.1154388

Spina, N. (2021). Partisanship and generalized trust in response to the 2016 U.S. presidential election. The Social Science Journal, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/03623319.2021.1899361

Stieglitz, S., & Dang-Xuan, L. (2013). Emotions and information diffusion in social media - Sentiment of microblogs and sharing behavior. Journal of Management Information Systems, 29(4), 217–248. https://doi.org/10.2753/MIS0742-1222290408

Stier, S., Bleier, A., Lietz, H., & Strohmaier, M. (2018). Election Campaigning on Social Media: Politicians, Audiences, and the Mediation of Political Communication on Facebook and Twitter. Political Communication, 35(1), 50–74. https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2017.1334728

Ulbricht, L. (2020). Scraping the demos. Digitalization, web scraping and the democratic project. Democratization, 27(3), 426–442. https://doi.org/10.1080/13510347.2020.1714595

van Dijck, J., & Alinead, D. (2020). Social Media and Trust in Scientific Expertise: Debating the Covid-19 Pandemic in The Netherlands. Social Media and Society, 6(4), 1 –11. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120981057

Widayat, R. M., Nurmandi, A., Rosilawati, Y., Natshir, H., Syamsurrijal, M., & Baharuddin, T. (2022). Bibliometric Analysis and Visualization Articles on Presidential Election in Social Media Indexed in Scopus by Indonesian Authors. Proceedings of the 1st World Conference on Social and Humanities Research (W-SHARE 2021). https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.220402.032

You, Y., & Wang, Z. (2020). The Internet, political trust, and regime types: A cross-national and multilevel analysis. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 21(2), 68–89. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1468109919000203

Zhai, Y. (2018). Traditional Values and Political Trust in China. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 53(3), 350–365. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021909616684860

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/