Abortion by Rape Victim: A Dilemma in the Drat of Penal Code and Indonesian Health Law
Main Article Content
In this present time, the debate about abortion in Indonesia is increasingly crowded. Abortion is also carried out by women - victims of rape to reduce the burden they suffered. The regulation on abortion in Indonesia has been regulated in the statutory regulations, namely the Criminal Code, especially in Article 346, Article 347, Article 348, and Article 349. In the RKUHP (Draft of Criminal Code), abortion regulation is regulated in two chapters namely, Chapter XIV Article 501 and Chapter XIX Articles 589, 590, 591, 592. In addition, the government has also issued several regulations governing abortion such as Government Regulation No. 61 of 2014 concerning Reproductive Health and also Law No. 36 of 2009 concerning health. However, the various regulations that exist between the Criminal Code, RKUHP, PP and the Act actually contradict to each other. There is no synchronization between the regulations regarding abortion by women rape victims. The KUHP and RKUHP clearly do not allow abortion in Indonesia and do not legalize it without any exception, including abortion carried out by women victims of rape. Whereas in Law Number 36 of 2009 concerning health, abortion can be carried out on an indication of medical emergencies and pregnancy due to rape that causes psychological trauma, so abortionists cannot be prosecuted as criminal.
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Law Number 36 of 2009 concerning Health
Indonesian Criminal Code (KUHP)
Draft of the Criminal Code (RKUHP)