THE EFFECT OF ELECTRO MAGNETIC FIELD INTENSITY TO BIODIESEL CHARACTERISTICS

T. H. Nufus, R. P. A. Setiawan, W. Hermawan, A. H. Tambunan

Abstract


Various studies of diesel fuel optimization have been done, one of them by using a permanent magnet on the fuel line, the lack of magnetic field intensity decreases along with time increasing by using an electromagnetic field. The purpose of this study is to analyse the biodiesel fuel characteristics due to exposure of electromagnetic fields in terms of the viscosity and vibration of these fuel molecules. Electromagnetic field is generated from wire coil of 5000-9000 on galvanum pipe with diameter of 1.5 cm and length of 10 cm and connected to 12 V batteries. Here, biodiesel fuel is inserted in a galvanum tube, magnetized for 1200 s, and tested its viscosity of the falling ball system by viscometer. Fuel functional groups as well as vibrations between fuel molecules are tested with FTIR. The results show that the magnetized fuel changes. The viscosity of fuels from 2933 to 2478 and an increasing in the absorption of fuel molecules ranges from 13-58%. Therefore, the increasing of vibrating fuel molecules decreases its molecular attraction tug. These indicate that the magnetized fuel molecule causes a changing in the fuel molecule, cluster becomes de-clustered. It is a potential method to clarify the phenomenon of fuel magnetization due to its efficient combustion process.


Keywords


Biodiesel; Electromagnet; The magnetization fuel; Viscosity; The functional froup

Full Text:

PDF

References


Attar, AR, Tipole, P., Bhojwani, V., & Deshmukh, S. (2013). Effect of Magnetic Field Strength on Hydrocarbon Fuel Viscosity and Engine Performance. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Applications, 1 (7), 94-98. Retrieved from www.ijmca.org

Berman P, Meiri N, Linder C, Wiesman Z. (2016). H Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxometry for Probing Biodiesel Autoxidation. FUEL. 177 (2016), 315-325. doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2016.03.002.

Canakci, M. and Van Gerpen, J., (2001). Biodiesel production from oils and f ats with high free fatty acid. Trans. ASAE 44 (2001) 1429

Chaware, K. (2015). Review on Effect of Fuel Magnetism by Varying Intensity on Performance and Emission of Single Cylinder Four Stroke Diesel Engine. International Journal of Engineering and General Science, 3 (1), 1174-1178.

Faris, US, Al-Naseri, SK, Jamal, N., I sse, R., Abed, M. Fouad, Z., Abas, A. (2012). Effects of magnetic field on fuel consumption and exhaust emissions in two-stroke engines. Energy Procedia, 18, 327-338. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2012.05.044

Fatih, FA El, & Gad, M. (2010). Effect of Fuel Magnetism on Engine Performance and Emissions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4 (12), 6354-6358.

Fayyazbakhsh, A., & Pirouzfar, V. (2015). Investigating the influence of additives-fuel on diesel engine performance and emissions: Analytical modeling and experimental validation. FUEL, xxx (December), xxx-xxx. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.12.028

Guo, H., Liu, Z., Chen, Y., & Yao, R. (2011). A study of magnetic effects on the physicochemical properties of individual hydrocarbon. Physics (China), 3 (10), 216-220.

Hall i day, and Resnic. (2000). Physics (3rd ed.). USA: Willey and sons.

Kumar, A., Dhar, A., Gopal, J., Il, W., Sik, C., & Park, S. (2014). Effect of fuel injection pressure and injection on the biodiesel fuelled common rail direct injection diesel engine. APPLIED ENERGY, 130, 212-221. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.05.041

Marques, LCC; Rocha, NO; Machado, ALC; Neves, GBM; Vieira, LC; Dittz, CH. (1997). Study of Paraffin Crystalization Proess Under The Influence of magnetic field on chemical. Proceedings of the Society of Petroleum Engineers of Latin American and Caribbean Petroleum Engineering Conference. Rio de Janeiro. 119-126. doi: 10.2118 / 38990-MS.

Okoronkwo AC, Nwachukwu C, L, NO, & Igbokwe. (2010). The effect of electromagnetic flux density on the ionization and the combustion of fuel (An economy of design project) depar tment Of Mechanical Engineering, F ederal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo Lecturer, Department of Project Management Techno. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1 (3), 527-531. http://doi.org/10.5251/ajsir.2010.1.3.527.531

Patel, PM, Rathod, GP, & Patel, TM (2014). Effect of magnetic field on performance and emission of single cylinder four stroke diesel engine. IOSR Journal of Engineering, 4 (5), 28-34.

Rosensweig, RE 1989. Viscosity of Magnetic Fluid in a Magnetic Field. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Vol. 29 680-686.

Salim, MB (2012). Utilization of Induction Sensor To Determine Viscosity of Liquid Using Adobe Audition 1.5, 146-154.

Samoilov, VO, Ramazanov, DN, Nekhaev, AI, Maximov, AL, & Bagdasarov, LN (2016). Heterogeneous catalytic conversion of glycerol to oxygenated fuel additives, 172, 310-319. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2016.01.024

Ugare, V., Dhoble, A., Lutade, S., & Mudafale, K. (2014). Performance of internal combustion (CI) engine under the influence of stong permanent magnetic field. In the Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering (pp. 11-17).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jpfi.v13i2.9477

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licensep-ISSN 1693-1246 e-ISSN 2355-3812