Kesulitan Belajar Mahasiswa pada Materi Aplikasi Integral untuk Luas Daerah dalam Perspektif Disposisi Matematis

Bambang Eko Susilo, Darhim Darhim, Sufyani Prabawanto

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kesulitan belajar yang dialami mahasiswa pada materi aplikasi integral untuk luas daerah dalam perspektif disposisi matematis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif eksploratif dengan instrumen skala, tes, dokumentasi, dan catatan lapangan. Data diambil dari 80 mahasiswa dari program studi S1 pendidikan matematika di sebuah universitas di Jawa Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa dengan disposisi matematis positif sedang dan tinggi memiliki jenis kesulitan yang sama yaitu (1) kesulitan dalam menggambar grafik, (2) kesulitan dalam menentukan daerah yang dicari luasnya, (3) kesulitan dalam menentukan batas integral, (4) kesulitan dalam menggunakan rumus integral, dan (5) kesulitan dalam memahami integral. Mahasiswa dengan disposisi matematis positif rendah selain mengalami kelima kesulitan tersebut, juga mengalami kesulitan dalam menghitung integral. Terdapat tren atau kecenderungan peningkatan persentase pada 2 jenis kesulitan, dan penurunan persentase pada 1 jenis kesulitan, sedangkan pada 3 jenis kesulitan yang lain bersifat fluktuatif.

The purpose of this research was to described the learning difficulties experienced by students in integral application material for the area in the perspective of mathematical dispositions. This research used descriptive exploratory methods with scale, tests, documentation, and field notes instruments. Data was taken from 80 undergraduate students from the mathematics education study program at a university in Central Java. The results showed that students with moderate and high positive mathematical dispositions had the same types of difficulties, namely (1) difficulties in drawing graphics, (2) difficulties in determining the area to be searched for, (3) difficulties in determining integral boundaries, (4) difficulties in using integral formulas, and (5) difficulties in understanding integrals. Students with low positive mathematical dispositions in addition to experienced these five difficulties, also experienced difficulties in calculating integrals. There is a trend or tendency to increase percentage in 2 types of difficulties, and a decrease in percentage in 1 type of difficulty, while in 3 other types fluctuating.

Keywords

learning difficulties; integral application; mathematical dispositions

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