Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematika Mahasiswa Teknik Sipil Ditinjau dari Gaya Kognitif

Ahmat Wakit, Nor Hidayati

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kemampuan pemecahan masalah matematika mahasiswa Teknik Sipil ditinjau dari gaya kognitif. Penelitian merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Sebanyak 26 subjek kelas GA ditentukan gaya kognitifnya menggunakan Group Embedded Figure Test (GEFT) untuk mengelompokkan subjek Field Dependent (FD), Field Intermediate (FDI), dan Field Independent (FI). Setiap kategori gaya kognitif diambil 2 mahasiswa dengan skor rendah dan tinggi yang dijadikan subjek penelitian. Hasil pemecahan masalah mahasiswa menunjukkan bahwa subjek FD Lemah belum mampu memenuhi semua indikator pemecahan masalah dan membutuhkan bimbingan lebih dalam menyelesaikan permasahalan yang dihadapi. Subjek FD Kuat mengalami kendala dalam menggunakan pengetahuan konsep dan menerapkan berbagai strategi yang tepat untuk memecahkan masalah, dan merefleksikan proses pemecahan masalah menggunakan langkah Polya. Kemampuan pemecahan masalah subjek FDI Lemah dan FDI Kuat tergolong baik, namun masih belum mampu melakukan pengecekan kembali. Subjek FI Lemah dan FI Kuat memiliki kemampuan pemecahan masalah yang baik. Seluruh indikator pemecahan masalah terpenuhi.

This research aims to analyze the mathematical problem solving abilities of Civil Engineering students in terms of cognitive style. The research is a qualitative descriptive study. A total of 26 GA class subjects were determined by their cognitive style using the Group Embedded Figure Test (GEFT) to group Field Dependent (FD), Field Intermediate (FDI), and Independent Field (FI) subjects. Each category of cognitive style was taken by 2 students with low and high scores which were used as research subjects. The results of student problem solving show that the subject of Weak FD has not been able to meet all the indicators of problem solving and requires more guidance in solving the problem at hand. The subject of Strong FD encountered problems in using concept knowledge and implementing various appropriate strategies to solve problems, and reflecting the problem solving process using Polya's steps. The problem solving ability of the subject FDIL weak and strong FDI is quite good, but still not able to check again. Weak FIL and Strong FI subjects have good problem solving skills. All indicators of problem solving are met.

Keywords

Cognitive style;Problem solving skill

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