Analisis Kemampuan Calon Guru Matematika Dalam Pengajuan Masalah Ditinjau dari Gaya Kognitif Field Independent dan Field Dependent

Amirulmukminin Abdara

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan kemampuan calon guru matematika dalam pengajuan masalah ditinjau dari gaya kognitif field independent (FI) dan field dependent (FD). Terdapat dua subjek dalam penelitian ini, yaitu mahasiswa calon guru Pendidikan Matematika semester VI, IKIP Mataram. Gaya kognitif subjek ditentukan berdasarkan skor pemberian instrument GEFT dan kemampuan pengajuan masalah diperoleh melalui TPM dan wawancara. SFI dan SFD masing-masing mengajukan 10 masalah dari informasi berbentuk grafik dan kalimat verbal. Secara umum, kemampuan SFI lebih bagus dibandingkan SFD yaitu: (1) SFI mengajukan 7 masalah sementara SFD hanya mengajukan 5 masalah yang berkaitan dengan aritmetika sosial, (2) SFI mampu mengajukan masalah yang memenuhi semua unsur sintaksis dan semantik, sementara masalah yang diajukan SFD dari informasi grafik hanya memuat 2 unsur sintaksis dan 2 unsur semantik dan dan masalah yang diajukan dari informasi kalimat verbal masing-masing memuat 2 unsur sintaksis dan 3 unsur semantik, (3) SFI mengajukan 5 masalah, sementara SFD hanya mengajukan 1 masalah yang memuat data baru, (4) SFI mengajukan 2 masalah yang tidak bisa diselesaikan karena rasa penasaran, sementara SFD mengajukan 5 masalah yang tidak dapat diselesaikan karena kesalahan pemilihan kata, dan (5) SFI mengajukan masalah yang termasuk kategori mudah, sedang, dan sulit, sementara masalah yang diajukan SFD hanya masuk kategori masalah mudah.

This is descriptive research with qualitative approach which has purpose to describe the skill of preserve teacher in problem posing observed from cognitive style of field independent (FI) and field dependent (FD). The subjects are two the mathematic students in the sixth semester, IKIP Mataram. Cognitive style of each subject was determined by giving GEFT instrument and to know the skill of preserve mathematics teacher in posing problem was obtained through TPM and interview. SFI and SFD each posed ten problems from graph information and verbal sentence. SFI has better skill in problem posing than SFD: (1) SFI posed seven problems, while SFD only posed five problems related to arithmetic, (2) on SFI, all problems which were posed fulfilled all syntaxes and semantic elements which had been decided. While, the graph information of SFD could only posed the information which showed two syntaxes elements and two semantic elements, and each posed problems of verbal sentence information has two syntaxes elements and three semantic elements, (3) SFI pose five new data, while SFD could only show one problem which contained new data, (4) SFI posed two unsolved problems because of wondering, while SFD posed five unsolved problems because of choosing words error, and (5) SFI posed problems were included in each easy, middle and difficult category, while SFD only posed problem in easy category.

Keywords

Analisis Kemampuan; Pengajuan Masalah; Gaya Kognitif; Field Independent; Field Dependent

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