THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LISTEN-READ-DISCUSS (LRD) AND GRAPHIC ORGANIZER COMBINATION TECHNIQUE TO TEACH READING COMPREHENSION OF DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

  • Akhmad Maemun
  • Sri Wuli Fitriati
  • Alief Noor Farida

Abstract

This paper is to investigate the effectiveness of the combination technique of LRD
(Listen-Read-Discuss) and graphic organizer in teaching reading comprehension. I
used quasi-experimental design in this research. The population of this study was the
eighth year students of SMP Negeri 1 Dukuhwaru,Tegal in the academic year of
2016/2017. Meanwhile, the sample consisted of 70 students from two classes. The
study was started by giving pre-test, treatments, and post-test to both groups. The
experimental group (VIII D) was taught by LRD and graphic organizer combination
technique, while the control group (VIII F) was taught by using conventional
method. The data were obtained by giving a reading test to both groups. In addition,
the questionnaire and observation were also conducted for the experimental group
to obtain more data. The result of the study indicated that the group taught by LRD
and graphic organizer combination technique has better score in the test than the
group taught by conventional method. In the pretest, the mean score of the control
group was 56.65 and the experimental group was 58.11. The mean of posttest of
experimental group (82.05) was higher than control groups (70.11). Then, the t-test
showed that the tvalue (5.756) was higher than ttable (1.998). It can be concluded
that the working hypothesis is accepted. It means that there is a significant difference
of effectiveness and reading comprehension achievement in reading descriptive text
of students who are taught by LRD and graphic organizer combination technique
and those who are not taught by using that technique. Therefore, that
combination technique is effective and convenient for students to improve their
achievement reading comprehension of descriptive text.

Published
2019-02-11