PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PERKULIAHAN EKSPERIMEN FISIKA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KREATIVITAS MAHASISWA CALON GURU DALAM MENDESAIN KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DI SMA

H. S. Wattimena, A. Suhandi, A. Setiawan

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengembangkan perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa calon guru dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika SMA. Mixed methods research melalui embedded experimental model dengan strategi embedded, digunakan sebagai metode penelitian sebagai tahap pengumpulan data kuantitatif dan kualitatif dalam satu waktu; yang melibatkan mahasiswa program studi Pendidikan Fisika salah satu LPTK di Maluku. Perangkat perkuliahan yang dikembangkan diadaptasikan dari pola pembelajaran kreatif yang disebut sebagai Aspek Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif (AKBK); aktivitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum diarahkan pada Indikator Kegiatan Dalam Bereksperimen (IKDB). Pemahaman konsep fisika mahasiswa diukur berdasarkan taksonomi Bloom revisi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, terjadi peningkatan AKBK mahasiswa untuk setiap IKDB pada kriteria sedang; serta peningkatan pemahaman konsep-konsep dasar fisika mahasiswa untuk indikator mencontohkan, mengklasifikasikan, dan menjelaskan pada kriteria sedang. Disimpulkan bahwa perangkat perkuliahan eksperimen fisika yang dikembangkan dapat meningkatkan kreativitas mahasiswa dalam mendesain kegiatan praktikum fisika berdasarkan cakupan materi yang terukur.

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to develop the lectures instrument of physics experiment to improve the creativity of preservice teachers in designing a high school physics lab activities. Mixed methods research through the embedded experimental models with embedded strategy, was used as a method of research, a stage of quantitative and qualitative data collection at a time, involving students of Physical Education courses one LPTK in Maluku. The developed lectures instrument adapted from creative learning pattern was referred to as Creative Thinking Skills aspect (CTSA), while student activity in the design of practical activities were directed at Activity Indicator In Experiment (SIEI). Understanding the concept of physics students was measured based on the revised Bloom's taxonomy. The results showed an increase in students CTSA for each SIEI on the criteria of being; as well as an improve understanding of the basic concepts of physics students to cite, classify, and explain indicators. It was concluded that the developed lectures instrument of physics experiment can enhance student creativity in the design of physics experiment activities based on the coverage of the measured material.


Keywords


learning instrument; creativity; physics practical work design

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15294/jpfi.v10i2.3448

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