Analisis Kesalahan Siswa dalam Pemecahan Masalah Berdasarkan Kecemasan Belajar Matematika

Muhammad Irfan

Abstract

Dalam memecahkan masalah, siswa yang mengalami kecemasan belajar matematika mungkin mengalami kesalahan-kesalahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kesalahan siswa yang mengalami kecemasan belajar matematika dalam pemecahan masalaha matematika. Jenis Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan metode studi kasus. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa siswa yang mengalami kecemasan matematika tinggi mampu menyelesaikan permasalahan matematika sesuai langkah-langkah Polya. Namun, ia mengalami kesalahan dalam tiga hal, yaitu: (1) kesalahan penulisan simbol-simbol matematika, (2) pemaknaan model matematika, dan (3) ketidakkonsitenan dalam penggunaan simbol.

In the problem solving, students learn math anxiety may have errors. This study aimed to analyze the errors that students learn math anxiety in mathematical problem solving. This type of study is a qualitative research with case study method. Sampling was done by using purposive sampling technique. The results showed that students who have high math anxiety was able to solve the problems of mathematics according to the steps Polya. However, he encountered an error in three ways, namely: (1) error in writing mathematical symbols, (2) the meaning of a mathematical model, and (3) inconsistent in the use of symbols.

Keywords

kesalahan; pemecahan masalah; kecemasan belajar matematika

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